The Evolution of the Cenozoic Terrestrial Mammalian Predator Guild in South America: Competition or Replacement?

@article{Prevosti2011TheEO,
  title={The Evolution of the Cenozoic Terrestrial Mammalian Predator Guild in South America: Competition or Replacement?},
  author={Francisco Juan Prevosti and Anal{\'i}a M. Forasiepi and Natalia Zimicz},
  journal={Journal of Mammalian Evolution},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={3-21}
}
South America was isolated from other continents during most of the Cenozoic, developing a singular mammalian fauna. In contrast to North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa, up to the late Neogene, the carnivore adaptive zone in South America was populated by crocodiles (Sebecidae), large snakes (Madtsoiidae), large birds (Phorusrhacidae), and metatherian mammals (Sparassodonta). Sparassodonta were varied and comprised a wide range of body masses (≈ 2–50 kg) and food habits. Their diversity… Expand

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