The Evolution of a Contextual Approach to Therapy : From Comprehensive Distancing to ACT

  title={The Evolution of a Contextual Approach to Therapy : From Comprehensive Distancing to ACT},
  author={Robert D. Zettle},
This paper traces the developmental history of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) from its beginning as comprehensive distancing to its current form and status. It is maintained that technical differences between the two approaches are overshadowed by ones of conceptualization. Comprehensive distancing emerged from efforts to extend Skinner’s work on verbal behavior and rule-governance to clinical phenomena, while relational frame theory as a post-Skinnerian account of human language has… 

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): A Third Wave Behaviour Therapy

  • C. Cullen
  • Psychology
    Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • 2008
Abstract This paper introduces Acceptance and commitment Therapy (ACT) as one of the newer contextualist behaviour therapies. A brief history of the development of ACT is outlined. The concepts of

Cognitive Defusion in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: What Are the Basic Processes of Change?

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a contextual–behavioral approach to psychotherapy and other behavioral health concerns that has progressively attracted attention from both researchers and

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy: AnOverview of Techniques and Applications

The paper highlights the utility of ACT in treating mental illness and other conditions by encouraging therapeutic participation through a use of techniques that inherently reduce the self and social stigma related to psychological disturbance and disability.

Climbing Our Hills: A Beginning Conversation on the Comparison of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Traditional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

The history and developmental program of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and relational frame theory (RFT) is described, and against that backdrop the target article is considered. In the

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: New Wave or Morita Therapy?

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is an approach to treatment that includes potentially useful strategies. Some proponents of ACT view it as part of a third wave movement destined to replace

Acceptance and Commitment Training Within the Scope of Practice of Applied Behavior Analysis

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a contemporary behavior-analytic approach to intervening on verbal behavior for the purposes of bringing about socially meaningful overt behavior change.

Valuing in ACT

A review of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) empirical evidence: Correlational, experimental psychopathology, component and outcome studies.

This article analyzes the general empirical evidence concerning Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). In the first place, a brief description of the ACT philosophical and theoretical roots is

The Progression of Programmatic Research in Contextual Behavioral Science: Response to O’Donohue, Snipes, and Soto

The criticisms of the target article are examined and discussed in the context of the larger goals of contextual behavioral science. The central claims of “Overselling” findings from a published



Dysfunctional control by client verbal behavior: The context of reason-giving

The overall results suggest that comprehensive distancing facilitates therapeutic change through a process consistent with a behavioral analysis of reason-giving, and suggests that radical behavioral approaches to psychotherapy are discussed.

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Altering the Verbal Support for Experiential Avoidance

An overview of this approach is given, followed by several specific examples of the techniques used within ACT that attempts to undermine emotional avoidance and increase the capacity for behavior change.

Cognitive therapy of depression : a conceptual and empirical analysis of component and process issues

The purpose of the present study was threefold. One purpose was to conduct a component analysis of Beck’s cognitive therapy by presenting its three treatment components--distancing, rational

Functional analytic psychotherapy : creating intense and curative therapeutic relationships

1Introduction.- Philosophical Tenets of Radical Behaviorism.- Contextual Nature of Knowledge and Reality.- Nonmentalistic View of Behavior: The Focus on Environmental Variables That Control

Integrative Couple Therapy: Promoting Acceptance and Change

This broad approach to treating couples is based on behavioural therapy, but is technically eclectic, combining techniques which resemble strategic, experimental, ego-analytic and behaviour


In ordinary language a clear distinction is made between the world of matter and that of spirit. While dualism is typically thought to be incompatible with behaviorism, a behavioral analysis of