The Evolution of Zinjanthropus boisei

  title={The Evolution of Zinjanthropus boisei},
  author={Paul J. Constantino and Bernard A. Wood},
  journal={Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues},
Many people assume that OH 5, the type specimen of Paranthropus boisei, collected in 1959, was the first evidence of that taxon to be found, but OH 3, recovered in 1955, predated the discovery of OH 5 by four years. Thus, Paranthropus boisei recently celebrated the equivalent of its fiftieth birthday. This review marks that milestone by examining the way our understanding of this taxon has changed during its fifty, or so, year history. 
Paranthropus boisei: fifty years of evidence and analysis.
This paper is a detailed review of half a century's worth of fossil evidence and analysis of P. boisei and traces how both its evolutionary history and the authors' understanding of its evolutionaryhistory have evolved during the past 50 years.
The upper limb of Paranthropus boisei from Ileret, Kenya.
Early hominin diversity and the emergence of the genus Homo.
  • W. Harcourt‐Smith
  • Biology
    Journal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di antropologia : JASS
  • 2016
It is now apparent that there was even more locomotor diversity and experimentation across hominins than previously thought, and with the discovery of taxa such as H. floresiensis and H. naledi, that diversity continues well into the genus Homo.
Hominins from the Upper Laetolil and Upper Ndolanya Beds, Laetoli
Renewed investigations at Laetoli in northern Tanzania have led to the recovery of a number of new fossil hominins. A lower canine and a mandibular fragment from the Upper Laetolil Beds (3.63–3.85
Brief communication: evidence bearing on the status of Homo habilis at Olduvai Gorge.
  • R. L. Susman
  • Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
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Evidence presented here indicates not only that OH 7 and OH 8 represent H. habilis but also that they come from a single individual, and Morphological, pathological, and taphonomic evidence favors the inclusion of OH 35 in the holotype.
The Evolutionary History of the Australopiths
  • D. Strait
  • Biology
    Evolution: Education and Outreach
  • 2010
The australopiths were diverse, geographically widespread, and anatomically derived, they lived through periods of pronounced climate change, and their story dominates the narrative of human evolution for millions of years.
Mechanisms of tooth damage and Paranthropus dietary reconstruction
This evolutionary divergence and the role that diet may have played in it are examined and significant dietary diversity is exposed, not only between these two hominin genera but within them as well.
Correction: Dental Microwear and Diet of the Plio-Pleistocene Hominin Paranthropus boisei
There was an error in the author affiliations. The correct affiliations should appear as shown here: Peter S. Ungar1, Frederick E. Grine2,3,4, Mark F. Teaford5 1 Department of Anthropology,
The role of character displacement in the molarization of hominin mandibular premolars
  • Kes Schroer, B. Wood
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 2015
A character displacement model was applied to the postcanine tooth size of fossil hominins and validated this model in populations of living primates to provide a comparative context for assessing community and ecological evolution in the fossil record.
Morphometric variation in the papionin muzzle and the biochronology of the South African Plio-Pleistocene karst cave deposits.
A comparative analysis of extant papionin monkeys by which variability of the South African fossil papionins may be assessed demonstrates that the overall amount of morphological variation present within the fossil assemblage fits comfortably within the range exhibited by the extant sample.


Palaeoanthropology: One skull does not a species make
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  • Environmental Science, Biology
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The discovery of the most complete skull from this species is reported, and the features of the skull indicate that the boundaries between different species are drawn may have to be reconsidered.
2.5-Myr Australopithecus boisei from west of Lake Turkana, Kenya
The primitive morphology of these early A. boisei suggests that robust and hyper-robust Australopithecus developed many of their common features in parallel and further that A. africanus is unlikely to have been ancestral to A. Boisei.
Recent Discoveries at Olduvai Gorge
As a result of the discovery in 1959 of the skull of Zinjanthropus boisei1, in association with an Oldowan living floor at site F.L.K. I Olduvai, funds for a much more extensive programme at the end
Paranthropus boisei: an example of evolutionary stasis?
The results of this examination of 55 mandibular and dental variables show that within Paranthropus boisei sensu stricto most evidence of temporally related morphological trends relates to the morphology of the P4 crown, and there is little or no evidence of any tendency to increase in overall size through time.
The Skull Of Australopithecus Afarensis
This study focuses on the recovery and reconstruction of the skull of A.L. 444-2 of Australopithecus afarensis and its implications for the taxonomic and Phylogenetic status of the species.
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Discovery of 2.5 Ma hominid cranial and dental remains from the Hata beds of Ethiopia's Middle Awash allows recognition of a new species of Australopithecus, descended from Australipithecus afarensis and is a candidate ancestor for early Homo.
The Bearing of East Rudolf Fossils on Early Hominid Systematics
It is suggested that the interpretation of the East Rudolf material and mine of the South African finds are in remarkably close agreement; the difference between them is more apparent than real and stems from nomenclatural rather than biological considerations.
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The craniodental anatomy indicates attribution to Homo habilis, but its postcranial anatomy, including small body size and relatively long arms, is strikingly similar to that of some early Australopithecus individuals.
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The calvaria of an adult Australopithecus boisei from Area 104, Koobi Fora, Lake Turkana, is described and it is presumed to be an adult male, based on its size and the great development of features associated with the masticatory apparatus.
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Functional morphology suggests that Paranthropus could have used tools, possibly for plant procurement and processing, and the new fossils suggest that absence of tool behavior was not responsible for the demise of the "robust" lineage.