• Corpus ID: 11065226

The Evolution of War and its Cognitive Foundations

  title={The Evolution of War and its Cognitive Foundations},
  author={John Tooby},
Coalitional aggression evolved because it allowed participants in such coalitions to promote their fitness by gaining access to disputed reproduction enhancing resources that would otherwise be denied to them. Far fewer species manifest coalitional aggression than would be expected on the basis of the actual distribution of social conditions that would favor its evolution. The exploitation of such opportunities depends on the solution by individuals of highly complex and specialized information… 
Informational warfare: Coalitional gossiping as a strategy for within-group aggression.
Abstract Evolutionary scholars often emphasize the strategic benefits of coalitions in male aggression and warfare. Theories of human female coalitions, however, have not recognized any competitive
The Evolutionary Psychology of War: Offense and Defense in the Adapted Mind
  • Anthony C Lopez
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior
  • 2017
It is argued that the authors' evolved coalitional psychology may contain a set of distinct evolved heuristics designed specifically for offensive and defensive coalitional aggression.
On the Perception of Newcomers Toward an Evolved Psychology of Intergenerational Coalitions
Human coalitions frequently persist through multiple, overlapping membership generations, requiring new members to cooperate and coordinate with veteran members. Does the mind contain psychological
On the Perception of Newcomers
It is shown that the mind categorizes coalition members by tenure, including newcomers; that tenure categorization persists in the presence of orthogonal and salient social dimensions; and that newcomers elicit a pattern of impressions consistent with their probable ancestral costs.
The evolutionary anthropology of war
Abstract Evolutionary anthropologists seek to understand the evolution of warfare across multiple timescales, from the roots of warfare in the intergroup aggression of our primate ancestors, to the
An adaptationist perspective on the psychology of intergroup prejudice
Humans did not evolve to be racist, and racism is not an evolved psychological adaptation. For psychological traits to be considered adaptations, the problems that they are designed to solve must
War and the evolution of belligerence and bravery
  • L. Lehmann, M. Feldman
  • Geography, Medicine
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2008
It is shown that the selective pressure on these two traits can be substantial even in groups of large size, and that they may be driven by two independent reproduction-enhancing resources: additional mates for males and additional territory (or material resources) for females.
The Evolution of Moral Cognition
Author(s): Cosmides, Leda; Guzman, Ricardo Andres; Tooby, John | Editor(s): Zimmerman, Aaron; Jones, Karen; Timmons, Mark | Abstract: Natural selection produces cognitive systems that are well
Acculturation drives the evolution of intergroup conflict
It is shown that intergroup conflict can evolve, despite not providing any benefits to individuals or their groups, and the model shows that horizontal transmission of culture between interacting groups can act as a cultural driver and lead to the maintenance of costly behaviors by both individuals and groups.
Male-Warrior Hypothesis
Evolutionary scientists argue that human cooperation is the product of a long history of competition among rival groups. There are various reasons to believe that this logic applies particularly to


Resource Competition and Human Aggression, Part I: A Review of Primitive War
  • W. Durham
  • Biology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1976
It is concluded that aggressive intergroup behavior may often be adaptive for individuals under conditions of resource competition and that this may help to explain the prevalence of warfare among human societies.
Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture, part II: Case study: A computational theory of social exchange
Abstract Models of the various adaptive specializations that have evolved in the human psyche could become the building blocks of a scientific theory of culture. The first step in creating such
Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture, part I: Theoretical considerations
Abstract Culture is the ongoing product of the evolved psyches of individual humans living in groups. Progress in our understanding of culture as a phenomenon depends on progress in uncovering the
The Latest on the best : essays on evolution and optimality
Controversies about optimality models and adaptationist methodologies have animated the discussions of evolutionary theory in recent years. The sociobiologists, following the lead of E. O. Wilson,
The Adapted mind : evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture
Although researchers have long been aware that the species-typical architecture of the human mind is the product of our evolutionary history, it has only been in the last three decades that advances
Evolution and the Theory of Games
  • J. M. Smith
  • Sociology, Computer Science
    American scientist
  • 1976
It is beginning to become clear that a range of problems in evolution theory can most appropriately be attacked by a modification of the theory of games, a branch of mathematics first formulated by Von Neumann and Morgenstern in 1944 for the analysis of human conflicts.
The evolution of cooperation.
A model is developed based on the concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy in the context of the Prisoner's Dilemma game to show how cooperation based on reciprocity can get started in an asocial world, can thrive while interacting with a wide range of other strategies, and can resist invasion once fully established.
The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism
  • R. Trivers
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1971
A model is presented to account for the natural selection of what is termed reciprocally altruistic behavior. The model shows how selection can operate against the cheater (non-reciprocator) in the
Cooperation and competition within coalitions of male lions: kin selection or game theory?
Evidence is presented that breeding coalitions of male lions include non-relatives much more commonly than was generally supposed, that intra-coalition competition over females is widespread and that kinship is not the primary factor determining levels of competition.
Homicide and Kinship
replicating his or her genes, through both personal reproduction and the promotion of reproduction by genetic relatives. Evolution by natural selection produces motivational structures that are