The Evolution of Modern Eukaryotic Phytoplankton

  title={The Evolution of Modern Eukaryotic Phytoplankton},
  author={Paul G. Falkowski and Miriam E. Katz and Andrew H. Knoll and Antonietta Quigg and John A. Raven and Oscar Schofield and F. J. R. Taylor},
  pages={354 - 360}
The community structure and ecological function of contemporary marine ecosystems are critically dependent on eukaryotic phytoplankton. Although numerically inferior to cyanobacteria, these organisms are responsible for the majority of the flux of organic matter to higher trophic levels and the ocean interior. Photosynthetic eukaryotes evolved more than 1.5 billion years ago in the Proterozoic oceans. However, it was not until the Mesozoic Era (251 to 65 million years ago) that the three… 

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