The European origins of economic development

@article{Easterly2012TheEO,
  title={The European origins of economic development},
  author={William Russell Easterly and Ross Levine},
  journal={Journal of Economic Growth},
  year={2012},
  volume={21},
  pages={225-257}
}
Although a large literature argues that European settlement outside of Europe during colonization had an enduring effect on economic development, researchers have been unable to assess these predictions directly because of an absence of data on colonial European settlement. We construct a new database on the European share of the population during colonization and examine its association with economic development today. We find a strong, positive relation between current income per capita and… 

Revisiting the effect of colonial institutions on comparative economic development

The relationship between mortality, temperature, and economic development in former European colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas is examined and it is found that European settler mortality rates increased with regional temperatures and economic output decreased with Regional temperatures.

The Legacy of European Colonialism on Relevant Determinants of Institutional Development

This chapter investigates the effect of European colonialism (measured through colonizer identity and its interaction with endowments) on important determinants of institutional development. The goal

European influence and economic development

The development accounting literature identifies political institutions as fundamental development determinants. Forms of government or executive constraints are thought to shape economic

French Colonial Trade Patterns and European Settlements

We construct a new database relying on various primary historical sources containing information on the value of French sectoral trade between 1880 and 1913 in order to assess the contemporaneous

Immigration and human capital: consequences of a nineteenth century settlement policy

I study a settlement policy implemented by the Chilean government between 1882 and 1904 to analyze the relationship between European immigration and the human capital of natives. Using historical

Success and Failure of European Settler Farming in Colonial Africa

This paper ties into a new literature that aims to quantify the long-term economic effects of historical European settlement, arguing for the need to properly address the role of indigenous agency in

Immigration and Human Capital: Consequences of a 19th century Settlement Policy

I study a settlement policy implemented by the Chilean government between 1882 and 1904 to analyze the relationship between European immigration and the human capital of natives. Using historical

French Colonial Trade Patterns : European Settlement "

We investigate how the colonial strategy through the settlement decision a ected French trade patterns. In this regard, we construct a new database relying on various primary historical sources

Views Linking Colonialism with Institutions

Nowadays there is widespread consensus on the importance of institutions for economic progress. Many social scientists have seen the imprint of colonial past in countries’ current institutions. Some
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES

The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation

We exploit differences in the mortality rates faced by European colonialists to estimate the effect of institutions on economic performance. Our argument is that Europeans adopted very different

Culture and Institutions: Economic Development in the Regions of Europe

Does culture have a causal effect on economic development? The data on European regions suggest that it does. Culture is measured by indicators of individual values and beliefs, such as trust and

The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation: Comment

Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson's (2001) seminal article argues property-rights institutions powerfully affect national income, using estimated mortality rates of early European settlers to

Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth

This paper develops the empirical and theoretical case that differences in economic institutions are the fundamental cause of differences in economic development. We first document the empirical

History Lessons Institutions, Factor Endowments, and Paths of Development in the New World

The explanations offered for the contrasting records of long-run growth and development among the societies of North and South America most often focus on institutions. The traditional explanations

Factor Endowments: Institutions, and Differential Paths of Growth Among New World Economies: A View from Economic Historians of the United States

Many scholars are concerned with why the U.S. and Canada have been so much more successful over time than other New World economies. Since all New World societies enjoyed high levels of product per

Pre-Colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development

A strong association between pre-colonial ethnic political centralization and regional development is documented, not driven by differences in local geographic features or by other observable ethnic-specific cultural and economic variables.

History, Institutions and Economic Performance: The Legacy of Colonial Land Tenure Systems in India

We analyze the colonial land revenue institutions set up by the British in India, and show that differences in historical property rights institutions lead to sustained differences in economic

Democratic Capital: The Nexus of Political and Economic Change

We study the joint dynamics of economic and political change. Predictions of the simple model that we formulate in the paper get considerable support in a panel of data on political regimes and GDP
...