The European Union's authoritarian equilibrium

@article{Kelemen2020TheEU,
  title={The European Union's authoritarian equilibrium},
  author={R. Daniel Kelemen},
  journal={Journal of European Public Policy},
  year={2020},
  volume={27},
  pages={481 - 499}
}
  • R. Kelemen
  • Published 2020
  • Journal of European Public Policy
ABSTRACT While the European Union (EU) professes a commitment to liberal democracy, in recent years it has allowed some member governments to backslide toward competitive authoritarianism. The EU has become trapped in an ‘authoritarian equilibrium’ underpinned by three factors. First, the EU's half-baked system of party politics and its ingrained reluctance to interfere in the domestic politics of its member states help shield national autocrats from EU intervention. Second, funding and… Expand
Decline of democracy—the European Union at a crossroad
Although EU member states have committed themselves to upholding the fundamental democratic values enshrined in Article 2 Treaty on European Union, violations of these values could be observed inExpand
Institutional logics and the EU’s limited sanctioning capacity under Article 7 TEU
Several European Union (EU) governments have infringed the obligation to respect ‘rule of law’ as demanded by the European Union Treaty but, despite its supranational features, the EU has done littleExpand
EU Actors under pressure: politicisation and depoliticisation as strategic responses
ABSTRACT This contribution conceptualises bottom-up politicisation in Europe’s multi-level system. EU-level actors, we argue, respond strategically to the functional and political pressuresExpand
The perils of succor: The European Union's financial role in the Western Balkans during COVID‐19
Abstract The Western Balkans' response to the first wave of COVID-19 was efficient and swift The countries? capacity to mitigate the crisis has been vastly facilitated by EU fiscal disbursements TheExpand
Democracy’s backsliding in the international environment
TLDR
As democracy’s global tailwinds shift to headwinds, scholars have an opportunity to better understand how experience with even superficial forms of democratic institutions across a diverse set of contexts influences citizen behavior when formal democratic institutions erode or disappear. Expand
Ethnopopulism and democratic backsliding in Central Europe
TLDR
Democratic backsliding has unexpectedly taken hold in Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic, and the very factors that seemed to augur well for liberal democracy may have contained the seeds of its degradation at the hands of ethnopopulist leaders. Expand
The EU’s ‘actions-without-sanctions’? The politics of the rule of law crisis in many Europes
This paper examines the European Union (EU)’s actions regarding the rule of law (RoL) crisis in Hungary and Poland. As alignment among three EU institutions – European Parliament, European Commissi...
The Europeanization of Hungarian foreign policy and the Hungarization of European foreign policy, 2010-18
ABSTRACT Fifteen years after joining the European Union there is a growing consensus that Hungary is in a process of de-Europeanization. This article aims to evaluate this assessment by looking atExpand
Introduction
This introductory chapter presents the overall aims of the book. It starts with setting out the empirical puzzle, describing the retreat of liberal democracy globally and in Hungary. The ‘third waveExpand
Lessons and learnings from a decade of EU crises
ABSTRACT What are some of the lessons learnt from a decade of crises in European integration? EU studies scholars have set themselves the task not only to gain a deeper understanding of the manyExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 74 REFERENCES
Europe’s Other Democratic Deficit: National Authoritarianism in Europe’s Democratic Union
This article argues for a radical recasting of the European Union democratic deficit debate. Critics have long argued that the EU suffers from a democratic deficit and that growing EU powerExpand
An externally constrained hybrid regime: Hungary in the European Union
ABSTRACT The paper focuses on the unique, role model characteristics of the Hungarian hybrid regime, the Hungarian political system’s new incarnation forged in the past years’ democratic backslidingExpand
Mep Responses to Democratic Backsliding in Hungary and Poland. An Analysis of Agenda‐Setting and Voting Behaviour
The governments of Hungary and Poland have been accused of sliding toward semi‐authoritarianism. Systematic analyses of the responses of political actors at the EU level to these instances of allegedExpand
Illiberalism Within: Rule of Law Backsliding in the EU
Abstract How should the European Union cope with Member States that no longer respect the basic values of the Union? This article reviews the responses of the major European Union institutions toExpand
Explaining Eastern Europe: Orbán's Laboratory of Illiberalism
Abstract:The reelection of Fidesz leader Viktor Orbán's government in Hungary in April 2018 has entrenched a hybrid regime within the European Union. This article discusses some of the most crucialExpand
Rethinking “democratic backsliding” in Central and Eastern Europe – looking beyond Hungary and Poland
ABSTRACT This essay introduces contributions to a special issue of East European Politics on “Rethinking democratic backsliding in Central and Eastern Europe”, which seeks to expand the study ofExpand
Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Bálint Magyar’s launching point in PostCommunist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary is that Hungary, once the role model of a ‘‘consolidated democracy’’ in the post-communist bloc, has regressed into aExpand
European Money in Greece: In Search of the Real Impact of EU Structural Funds
The impact of EU (European Union) Structural Funds (from the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, etc.) channelled to Greece and other countries over theExpand
Democrats and autocrats : pathways of subnational undemocratic regime continuity within democratic countries
1. Introduction 2. Explaining within country pathways of Subnational Undemocratic Regime continuity 3. Conceptualizing, Measuring, And Mapping Subnational Undemocratic Regimes 4. Presidential PowerExpand
International Organization as a Seal of Approval: European Union Accession and Investor Risk
Much of the literature on international institutions argues that membership regularizes expectations about members' future behavior. Using the accession of the postcommunist countries as a test case,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...