The Ethnocracy Trap

  title={The Ethnocracy Trap},
  author={Lise Morj{\'e} Howard},
  journal={Journal of Democracy},
  pages={155 - 169}
  • L. Howard
  • Published 12 October 2012
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • Journal of Democracy
This article introduces the term “ethnocracy” as a regime type. In ethnocracies such as Bosnia and Lebanon, political parties are defined primarily along ethnoreligious lines, key state positions are allocated according to ethnic group membership, and educational and other institutions are officially segmented according to ethnic categories. While the introduction of ethnocratic regimes after violent conflict has sometimes coincided with a decrease in violence, it has also introduced new and… 
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