The Eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79: Reconstruction from Historical and Volcanological Evidence

  title={The Eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79: Reconstruction from Historical and Volcanological Evidence},
  author={Haraldur Sigurdsson and Stanford Cashdollar and Steve Sparks},
  journal={American Journal of Archaeology},
  pages={39 - 51}
Reinterpretation of the volcanological and historical evidence shows that the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. 79 consisted of two main phases. The initial 18 to 20-hour Plinian phase caused extensive pumice-fall south of the volcano, resulting in the slow accumulation of a pumice layer up to 2.8 m. thick over Pompeii and other regions to the south. Much of the population fled the area during this non-lethal phase. On the second day of activity the Peléan phase occurred, when a series of nuées… 
Holocene Coastal Environments near Pompeii before the A.D. 79 Eruption of Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Abstract Studies of some 70 bore holes around ancient Pompeii, on the southwestern slope of the Somma-Vesuvius volcano, allow the reconstruction of Holocene environments earlier than the A.D. 79
The 1944 eruption of Vesuvius, Italy: combining contemporary accounts and field studies for a new volcanological reconstruction
Abstract We integrate the different contemporary sources together with new field data on the pyroclastic deposits to make a new volcanological reconstruction of the explosive phases of the 1944
Precursory phenomena and destructive events related to the Late Bronze Age Minoan (Thera, Greece) and AD 79 (Vesuvius, Italy) Plinian eruptions; inferences from the stratigraphy in the archaeological areas
Abstract Volcanological studies in the Bronze Age settlement of Akrotiri (Santorini, Greece) and in the Roman towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum (Vesuvius, Italy) have provided information about the
Pyroclastic flow hazard assessment at Somma–Vesuvius based on the geological record
During the past 22 ka of activity at Somma–Vesuvius, catastrophic pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) have been generated repeatedly. Examples are those that destroyed the towns of Pompeii and
Transport and deposition of pyroclastic density currents over an inhabited area: the deposits of the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius at Herculaneum, Italy
Geological and volcanological studies were performed in the Herculaneum excavations, 7 km west of Vesuvius, Italy, to reconstruct the main features of the pyroclastic density currents and the