The Epidemiology and Evolution of Symbionts with Mixed-Mode Transmission

@article{Ebert2013TheEA,
  title={The Epidemiology and Evolution of Symbionts with Mixed-Mode Transmission},
  author={Dieter Ebert},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  year={2013},
  volume={44},
  pages={623-643}
}
  • D. Ebert
  • Published 25 November 2013
  • Biology
  • Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
Vertical and horizontal transmission are terms that describe the transfer of symbionts from parents to offspring and among unrelated hosts, respectively. Many symbionts, including parasites, pathogens, mutualists, and microbiota, use a combination of both strategies, known as mixed-mode transmission (MMT). Here I review what is known about the evolution, ecology, and epidemiology of symbionts with MMT and compare MMT with our expectations for single-mode strategies. Symbionts with MMT are… 

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