The Epidemiology and Evolution of Symbionts with Mixed-Mode Transmission

@article{Ebert2013TheEA,
  title={The Epidemiology and Evolution of Symbionts with Mixed-Mode Transmission},
  author={D. Ebert},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  year={2013},
  volume={44},
  pages={623-643}
}
  • D. Ebert
  • Published 2013
  • Biology
  • Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
  • Vertical and horizontal transmission are terms that describe the transfer of symbionts from parents to offspring and among unrelated hosts, respectively. Many symbionts, including parasites, pathogens, mutualists, and microbiota, use a combination of both strategies, known as mixed-mode transmission (MMT). Here I review what is known about the evolution, ecology, and epidemiology of symbionts with MMT and compare MMT with our expectations for single-mode strategies. Symbionts with MMT are… CONTINUE READING
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