The Enigma of Prokaryotic Life in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins

@article{vanderWielen2005TheEO,
  title={The Enigma of Prokaryotic Life in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins},
  author={Paul W.J.J. van der Wielen and Henk Bolhuis and Sara Borin and Daniele Daffonchio and Cesare Corselli and Laura Giuliano and Giuseppe D’Auria and G. J. De Lange and Andreas Huebner and S. Varnavas and John Thomson and Christian Tamburini and Danielle G. Marty and Terry J. McGenity and Kenneth N. Timmis},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={307},
  pages={121 - 123}
}
Deep hypersaline anoxic basins in the Mediterranean Sea are a legacy of dissolution of ancient subterranean salt deposits from the Miocene period. Our study revealed that these hypersaline basins are not biogeochemical dead ends, but support in situ sulfate reduction, methanogenesis, and heterotrophic activity. A wide diversity of prokaryotes was observed, including a new, abundant, deeply branching order within the Euryarchaeota. Furthermore, we demonstrated the presence of a unique… 
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Comparative genomics reveals adaptations of a halotolerant thaumarchaeon in the interfaces of brine pools in the Red Sea
TLDR
Using phylogenomic-based approaches, it is shown that the local archaeal community of five different BSI habitats is composed mostly of a single, highly abundant Nitrosopumilus-like phylotype that is phylogenetically distinct from the bathypelagic thaumarchaea; ammonia-oxidizing bacteria were absent.
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