The Energetic Particle and Plasma Spectrometer Instrument on the MESSENGER Spacecraft

  title={The Energetic Particle and Plasma Spectrometer Instrument on the MESSENGER Spacecraft},
  author={G. Bruce Andrews and Thomas H. Zurbuchen and Barry H. Mauk and H Malcom and L. A. Fisk and G. Gloeckler and George C. Ho and Jeffrey S. Kelley and Patrick L. Koehn and Thomas W. LeFevere and Stefano Livi and Robert A. Lundgren and Jim M. Raines},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
Abstract The Energetic Particle and Plasma Spectrometer (EPPS) package on the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) mission to Mercury is composed of two sensors, the Energetic Particle Spectrometer (EPS) and the Fast Imaging Plasma Spectrometer (FIPS). EPS measures the energy, angular, and compositional distributions of the high-energy components of the in situ electrons (>20 keV) and ions (>5 keV/nucleon), while FIPS measures the energy, angular, and… 
Energetic electron detection in Mercury's magnetosphere with the MESSENGER Gamma-Ray Spectrometer
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MESSENGER observations of solar energetic electrons within Mercury's magnetosphere
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Intense energetic electron flux enhancements in Mercury's magnetosphere: An integrated view with high‐resolution observations from MESSENGER
Examination of data at high temporal resolution during the period March 2013 through October 2014 supports strongly the view that energetic electrons are accelerated in the near‐tail region of Mercury's magnetosphere and are subsequently “injected” onto closed magnetic field lines on the planetary nightside.
The MESSENGER Gamma-Ray and Neutron Spectrometer
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The “Puck” energetic charged particle detector: Design, heritage, and advancements
The Puck EPD design, its heritage, unexpected results from these past missions and future advancements, and high‐voltage anomalies that are thought to be associated with the use of curved foils are discussed.
Structure and dynamics of Mercury's magnetospheric cusp: MESSENGER measurements of protons and planetary ions
The MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft has observed the northern magnetospheric cusp of Mercury regularly since the probe was inserted into orbit
Spatial Distribution and Spectral Characteristics of Energetic Electrons in Mercury's Magnetosphere
[1] The Energetic Particle Spectrometer (EPS) on the MESSENGER spacecraft, in orbit about Mercury since March 2011, has detected bursts of low- and moderate-energy (tens to hundreds of keV) electrons


Electron calibration of instrumentation for low energy, high intensity particle measurements at Mercury
Unique identification of the high intensity, impulsively accelerated charged particle fluxes discovered during Mariner 10's first encounter with Mercury (March 1974) requires a detailed knowledge of
Ion composition measurement techniques for space plasmas
Plasmas found in space range from the solar wind with a typical temperature of 105–106 K, ∼400 km/s bulk flow speed, and high ionization (charge states) of ions, to the hot, slowly moving plasmas in
The Mercury Atmospheric and Surface Composition Spectrometer for the MESSENGER Mission
Abstract The Mercury Atmospheric and Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS) is one of seven science instruments onboard the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER)
Low-weight plasma instrument to be used in the inner heliosphere
In the proposed Mercury-Messenger mission, a satellite will approach the Sun to a distance of around 0.3 AU. A plasma instrument to be flown on this satellite provides a unique possibility to probe
The Magnetometer Instrument on MESSENGER
Abstract The Magnetometer (MAG) on the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) mission is a low-noise, tri-axial, fluxgate instrument with its sensor mounted on a
Storm‐like dynamics of Jupiter's inner and middle magnetosphere
The discovery of energy-time dispersed, charged particle signatures of dynamic, longitudinally confined charged particle injections within Jupiter's inner magnetosphere has been reported previously
On solar radiation-driven surface transport of sodium atoms at Mercury
The ballistic motion of the exospheric sodium atoms on the surface Mercury is modeled, taking into account the solar radiation pressure acceleration and partial surface thermal accommodation. The
The MESSENGER Spacecraft
The MESSENGER spacecraft was designed and constructed to withstand the harsh environments associated with achieving and operating in Mercury orbit and went through an extensive development and testing effort that provided the team with confidence that all mission goals will be achieved.