The Empirical Case for Two Systems of Reasoning

Abstract

Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system is associative because its computations reflect similarity structure and relations of temporal contiguity. The other is "rule based" because it operates on symbolic structures that have logical content and variables and because its computations have the properties that are normally assigned to rules. The systems serve complementary functions and can simultaneously generate different solutions to a reasoning problem. The rule-based system can suppress the associative system but not completely inhibit it. The article reviews evidence in favor of the distinction and its characterization.

2 Figures and Tables

050100150'98'00'02'04'06'08'10'12'14'16
Citations per Year

1,919 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 1,919 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Sloman1996TheEC, title={The Empirical Case for Two Systems of Reasoning}, author={Steven A. Sloman}, year={1996} }