The Empire of the Komnenoi (1118–1204)

  title={The Empire of the Komnenoi (1118–1204)},
  author={Paul Magdalino},
  journal={The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c.500–1492},
  • P. Magdalino
  • Published 4 July 2019
  • History
  • The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c.500–1492
Between the death of Alexios I Komnenos and the establishment of the Latin empire of Constantinople, eight emperors ruled in the eastern Roman capital. Their reigns were as successful as they were long: under John II Komnenos (1118–43) and Manuel I Komnenos (1143–80) Byzantium remained a wealthy and expansionist power, maintaining the internal structures and external initiatives which were necessary to sustain a traditional imperial identity in a changing Mediterranean world of crusaders, Turks… 

Usurper narratives and power: pretexts, legacies, and aspects of legitimation in Byzantium (963-1204)

The period 963-1204 was marked by periods of dynastic instability made possible by the inherent contradictions in the Byzantine political system. Usurpation was considered an ignominious route to

A Alexíada de Ana Comnena e a tradição épica antiga: o retrato literário de Aleixo i Comneno entre a força de Héracles e o engenho de Ulisses

: I intend to analyze the Homeric presence in Anna Komnene’s Alexiad , particularly the literary portrait of Alexios, who is first presented as Herakles in the victories against the rebels Roussel,

Politics as Exchange in the Byzantine Empire

Buchanan (1987) identifies Politics as Exchange as one of the key pillars of research program. Viewing politics through the lens of exchange focuses attention on what sorts of political bargains

Identity in Flux: Finding Boris Kolomanovich in the Interstices of Medieval European History

The politics of kinship and of monarchy in medieval eastern Europe are typically constructed within the framework of the modern nation­state, read back into the past. The example of Boris

Shining castles and humans of metal/floral appearance – metaphorical language in the Palaiologan romances Kallimachos and Velthandros

About eight centuries after Heliodorus, the Greek novel resurfaced in the twelfth century, in Komnenian Byzantium, and again two centuries later under the Palaiologan dynasty. This latter literary



Defenders of the Holy Land: Relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119-1187

The triumph of the First Crusade (1095-1099) led to the establishment of a Latin Christian community in the Levant. Remarkably, despite growing pressure from the neighbouring Muslim powers, and the

The Contribution of Archery to the Turkish Conquest of Anatolia

ONE of the most important asks for Byzantine historians is the explanation of the Byzantine loss of Anatolia to the Seljuk Turks in the second half of the eleventh century. In 1050 the peninsula

Byzantine ‘Nationalism’ and the Nicaean Empire

  • M. Angold
  • History
    Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies
  • 1975
The fall of Constantinople on the night of 13 April 1204 to the Venetians and the soldiers of the fourth crusade is taken as the crucial turning point of the history of the later Byzantine Empire.

Basil II and the Governance of Empire (976-1025)

The reign of Basil II (976-1025)is widely accepted as the high point of medieval Byzantium. When the emperor died, imperial frontiers were at their most far-flung since the seventh century. Yet

Heraclius' Persian Campaigns and the Revival of the East Roman Empire, 622-630

The East Roman empire seemed doomed to destruction in the winter of 621/2.1 From the outbreak of war in 603, the armies of the Sasanian Shah Khusro II had advanced slowly but remorselessly into the

Byzantium, 1081–1204: An Economic Reappraisal

  • M. Hendy
  • History, Economics
    Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
  • 1970
The Byzantine Empire of the period 1081–1204 is generally con sidered to have been culturally brilliant but economically decadent. The standard against which this decadence is measured is the

The Organization of the Latin Patriarchate of Constantinople, 1204–1261: Social and Administrative Consequences of the Latin Conquest

Ecclesiastical problems naturally loom large in any investigation of relations between Greeks and Latins after the conquest of Constantinople in 1204. The story of the negotiations between the Popes

The Reign of Heraclius (610-641): Crisis and Confrontation

This volume includes the thirteen papers which were presented during the workshop The Reign of Heraclius: Crisis and Confrontation, which took place from 19 to 21 April 2001 at the University of

The empire in Syria, 705–763

Syria is usually where empires end, not where they begin. Like its Seleucid ancestor, the Marwanid experiment in Syria showed that a far-flung Middle Eastern empire was still possible without Iraq or


For nearly a thousand years, Iran has generally been ruled by non-Persian dynasties, usually Turkish, but sometimes Mongol or Kurdish. The first alien rulers were the Saljuq Turks, who appeared in