The Emperor Seamounts: Southward Motion of the Hawaiian Hotspot Plume in Earth's Mantle

@article{Tarduno2003TheES,
  title={The Emperor Seamounts: Southward Motion of the Hawaiian Hotspot Plume in Earth's Mantle},
  author={John A. Tarduno and Robert A. Duncan and David W. Scholl and Rory D. Cottrell and Bernhard Steinberger and Thorvaldur Thordarson and Bryan C. Kerr and Clive R. Neal and Frederick A. Frey and Masayuki Torii and Claire Carvallo},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={301},
  pages={1064 - 1069}
}
The Hawaiian-Emperor hotspot track has a prominent bend, which has served as the basis for the theory that the Hawaiian hotspot, fixed in the deep mantle, traced a change in plate motion. However, paleomagnetic and radiometric age data from samples recovered by ocean drilling define an age-progressive paleolatitude history, indicating that the Emperor Seamount trend was principally formed by the rapid motion (over 40 millimeters per year) of the Hawaiian hotspot plume during Late Cretaceous to… 
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