The Emerging Structure of International Politics

  title={The Emerging Structure of International Politics},
  author={Kenneth N. Waltz},
  journal={International Security},
  pages={44 - 79}
  • Kenneth N. Waltz
  • Published 23 January 1993
  • Political Science
  • International Security
Structure of International Politics I F o r more than three hundred years, the drama of modern history has turned on the rise and fall of great powers. In the multipolar era, twelve great powers appeared on the scene at one time or another. At the beginning of World War 11, seven remained; at its conclusion, two. Always before, as some states sank, others rose to take their places. World War I1 broke the pattern; for the first time in a world of sovereign states, bipolarity prevailed. In a 1964… 

Tables from this paper

Great Power Hierarchies and Strategies in Twenty-First Century World Politics

its third decade. What for many theorists should never have happened and, if it did, should have been only a fleeting moment is now an enduring and, in fact, defining feature of world politics in the

Chapter 1 In Search of the Post-Cold War World Order : Questions , Issues , and Perspectives

living in an age characterized by “the end of history” (Fukuyama, 1992). Now, roughly two decades since the Cold War ended and a new era dawned in international relations, we witness little in the

The Changing Face of Europe: European Institutions in the Twenty-First Century

Editor's Note: The goals of European integration after the Second World War were (1) to promote peace and stability on the continent and (2) to improve the material well-being of European peoples

World Order of the New Century: Prospects and Perils

Conventional wisdom has it that with the advent of the twenty-first century, a new world order will replace the old in our Westphalian system, just as happened before, when each new century followed

Realism and the End of the Cold War

iNlodern realism began as a reaction to the breakdown of the post-World War I international order in the 1930s. The collapse of great-power cooperation after World War II helped establish it as the

A Revolution in International Relation Theory: Or, What If Mueller Is Right?

Author's Note: War has been the primary focus of the scholarly study of international relations (IR) from its very beginning. E.H. Carr and his colleagues at Aberystwyth created the first IR

IR theory after the Cold War

The end of the Cold War has prompted a good deal of soul-searching in the academic discipline of International Relations (IR). Some results of this process are already apparent; the dominant version

The Waning of U.S. HegemonyMyth or Reality A Review Essay

  • C. Layne
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 2009
Over the next two decades, international politics will be shaped by whether the international system remains unipolar or is transformed into a multipolar system. Can the United States sustain its

Power Shift? Power in International Relations and the Allegiance of Middle Powers

Within the last two decades, China has been the most seriously debated emerging power seen by academics, politicians and large parts of the public alike to be able to effectively challenge the

Between Hope and Realism: The United States, NATO and a Transatlantic Bargain for the 21st Century

When the founders of NATO gathered in Washington in 1949, few could have anticipated that the alliance’s first invocation of its Article 5 guarantee would have been triggered by an attack on US



America as a Model for the World? A Foreign Policy Perspective

I. How the Placement of States Affects Their Policies Because throughout most of the years since the second World War the United States and the Soviet Union were similarly placed by their power,

America's Strategy in World Politics: The United States and the Balance of Power.

Less than a year after the United States entered the Second World War, Nicholas Spykman wrote a book that placed the war effort in the broader context of the 1940s global balance of power. In

The “Long Peace”—

One of the reasons advanced for the absence of a major war between the two superpowers during the forty-five years of their enmity since World War II is that the world system in which they functioned

Back to the Future: Instability in Europe After the Cold War

The profound changes now underway in Europe have been widely viewed as harbingers of a new age of peace. With the Cold War over, it is said, the threat of war that has hung over Europe for more than

The Strategic implications of change in the Soviet Union

Uncertainty and opportunity in an era of East-West change, J. Jorgen Holst the origins of change in the Soviet Union, Academician Oleg T. Bogomolov can change be sustained?, Dr M. Shulman the future

Do Relative Gains Matter?: America's Response to Japanese Industrial Policy

F o r the United States, which future world is preferable: one in which the U.S. economy grows at 25 percent over the next decade, while the Japanese economy grows at 75 percent, or one in which the

Force without War: U.S. Armed Forces as a Political Instrument

The United States has used military force short of war as an instrument of diplomacy on many occasions and in many areas of the world in the years since the Second World War. This book describes and

Theory of International Politics

Therefore, the seeker after the truth is not one who studies the writings of the ancients and, following his natural disposition, puts his trust in them, but rather the one who suspects his faith in

The Sociology of Conflict. I

  • G. Simmel
  • Psychology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1904
THAT conflict has sociological significance, inasmuch as it either produces or modifies communities of interest, unifications, organizations, is in principle never contested. On the other hand, it

The National System of Political Economy

In The National System of Political Economy, List provides a critique of the ideas of Adam Smith and David Ricardo that continues to resonate with policy makers concerned with industrial policy and