The Emerging Field of Nutritional Mental Health

@article{Kaplan2015TheEF,
  title={The Emerging Field of Nutritional Mental Health},
  author={Bonnie J. Kaplan and Julia J. Rucklidge and Amy R Romijn and Kevin R. McLeod},
  journal={Clinical Psychological Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={3},
  pages={964 - 980}
}
We live in a transformational moment for understanding the etiology of mental disorders. The previous leap in understanding occurred 60 years ago, which led us to incorporate psychopharmacology into our curricula to address the chemical basis of neurotransmitter function, especially as explained through the then-popular catecholamine hypothesis. The current revolution is broader, consisting of the rapidly accumulating knowledge of how inflammation, microbiome imbalance (gut dysbiosis… 

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Nutrition and Mental Health

This series is intended to showcase the diversity of studies being conducted in a new, rapidly emerging field of nutrition and mental health, coined by leaders in the field as nutritional psychiatry and includes two articles that explore micronutrient treatment, one looking at a single nutrient.

Diet, Inflammation, Gut Microbiome, and Mental Health

Examination of the crosssectional relationship between ω-3 FAs; gut microbiome bacteria and inflammatory markers; and stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms found that higher levels of omega-3 index and DHA were associated with lower reported trait-anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, and lower concentrations of the inflammatory marker IL-1β.

Omega-3 fatty acids and anxiety: A systematic review of the possible mechanisms at play

Five key recommendations are provided to guide future research examining ω-3 FAs and anxiety, including standardization of dosage and duration of �ω-3 supplementation, more rigorous measurement of variables, and increasing sample diversity.

Regulation of Reactive Oxygen Species-Mediated Damage in the Pathogenesis of Schizophrenia

By improving the understanding of the effects of various nutrients on schizophrenia, it may become possible to develop nutritional strategies and supplements to treat the disorder, alleviate its symptoms, and facilitate long-term recovery.

Dysbiotic drift: mental health, environmental grey space, and microbiota

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It is argued here that in Western industrial nations a ‘disparity of microbiota’ might be expected among the socioeconomically disadvantaged, those whom face more profound environmental forces.

An Observational Preliminary Study on the Safety of Long-Term Consumption of Micronutrients for the Treatment of Psychiatric Symptoms.

The substantial psychiatric benefits observed appear to outweigh the minimal observed risks in these participants, and preliminary evidence for the safety of long-term commercially available micronutrients is reported, although questions remain.

Effects of the intake of processed and nutrient-rich foods on the negative emotional states and physiological systems of depression

Depression as a mood disturbance is a multifactorial disorder that affects millions of people all around the world. Within the area of nutrition, the literature has focused on the effects of certain

The association between diet and mental health and wellbeing in young adults within a biopsychosocial framework

It is important to consider dietary composition and to conceptualize diet as a health behaviour that is embedded in a biopsychosocial framework and not find a negative association between predominantly plant-based diet patterns and mental health and wellbeing.

Exploring the link between inflammation and mental disorders

Elevated inflammation in particular found in both men and women with the onset of anxiety disorder later in life and proinflammatory cytokines might inhibit hippocampal neurogenesis which could lead to a reduced hippocampal volume, which is in depression.
...

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