The Emergence of Medical Specialization in the Nineteenth Century

@article{Weisz2003TheEO,
  title={The Emergence of Medical Specialization in the Nineteenth Century},
  author={George Weisz},
  journal={Bulletin of the History of Medicine},
  year={2003},
  volume={77},
  pages={536 - 574}
}
  • G. Weisz
  • Published 2003
  • Medicine
  • Bulletin of the History of Medicine
This essay reexamines the nineteenth-century origins of medical specialization. It suggests that by the 1880s, specialization had become perceived as a necessity of medical science as a result of the realization of two preconditions: First, a new collective desire to expand medical knowledge prompted clinical researchers to specialize; only specialization, it was believed, permitted the rigorous observation of many cases. Second, administrative rationality suggested that one could best manage… Expand
The Transformation of Australian Hospitals between the 1940s and the
In western countries hospitals have become central components in systems of medical care and institutions of vital interest to their people. Many were established early in the nineteenth century asExpand
Physicians of colonial India (1757–1900)
  • Anu Saini
  • Medicine
  • Journal of family medicine and primary care
  • 2016
TLDR
During this period, the practice of "Doctory" or Western medicine gained momentum in India, buoyed with the support of the British as well as Western-educated Indians, and all physicians and surgeons were generalists. Expand
Shaping Doctors and Society
This article is an exploratory approach to the study of the Portuguese medical press, between the 1880s and 1926, that is, from the last decades of the liberal monarchy (1820–1910) to the end of theExpand
Specialization in Action
TLDR
The professionalization process of assisted reproduction is analyzed in order to see how AR is consolidating into an independent field within medicine, and how AR arrived and was assimilated into Mexican culture. Expand
Field formation : The rise of state medicine and the pre-professional era 1600-1850
This article is an analysis of conditions enabling the rise of the professional field of medicine in Sweden. The analysis is based mainly on secondary data, while the use of primary data isExpand
[The legacy of Cabanis: a hypothesis on the roots of medical education in Brazil].
TLDR
The model of medical education still hegemonic in Brazil is still based upon the Cabanisian reform, holding a linear and Cartesian conceptual perspective, with a discipline-based curriculum, traditional teaching formats, and submission to corporate professional logic. Expand
A brief history of pharmacy specialization in the United States
TLDR
Debate regarding the need, types, and value of specialization in pharmacy seem destined to be driven not by intra‐ or inter‐professional debates within pharmacy, but by the needs, expectations, and values of patients and health care systems. Expand
Revisiting Medicalization: A Critique of the Assumptions of What Counts As Medical Knowledge
The concept of medicalization is hugely influential and empirical studies have demonstrated that medicalization has largely been achieved through the work of medical professionals or scientists, butExpand
The Early Modern Kidney—Nephrology in and about the Nineteenth Century (Part 1)
TLDR
Improvements in microscopy and tissue processing were instrumental in describing the cellular ultrastructure of the glomerulus and tubular segments, but their integrated function remained to be elucidated. Expand
The rise of psychological physicians: The certification of insanity and the teaching of medical psychology.
  • F. M. Sposini
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • International journal of law and psychiatry
  • 2020
TLDR
The nexus between the legal provisions for the certification of insanity and the introduction of psychological medicine into British medical education is investigated and the relevance of confinement legislation in the development of psychiatry as a medical specialty is emphasized. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES
The Medical World of Early Modern France
TLDR
The Medical World of Early Modern France recounts the history of medicine in France between the sixteenth century and the French Revolution to provide a unique account of the evolution of medical ideas and practices in one of the major countries of early modern Europe. Expand
Console and Classify: The French Psychiatric Profession in the Nineteenth Century
Since its publication in 1989, "Console and Classify" has become a classic work in the history of science and in French intellectual history. Now with a new afterword, this much-cited andExpand
The Emergence of Modern Universities in France, 1863-1914
George Weisz offers a comprehensive analysis of the French university system during the latter half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Examining the major reforms of higher educationExpand
French medical culture in the nineteenth century
Ann LA BERGE and Mordechai FEINGOLD: Introduction. Matthew RAMSEY: Academic Medicine and Medical Industrialism: The Regulation of Secret Remedies in France, 1815-1830. Laurence BROCKLISS:Expand
Incommunicable Knowledge: Science, Technology and the Clinical Art in Britain 1850-1914
  • C. Lawrence
  • History, Medicine
  • Journal of contemporary history
  • 1985
TLDR
Comparison of scholarship from different areas shows that, behind its legal unity, the profession was extremely variegated in its attitudes, goals and standards, and especially in its definition, evaluation and use of science. Expand
Morbid Appearances: The Anatomy of Pathology in the Early Nineteenth Century
Preface Introduction Part I. Paris: 1. Genesis of a tradition 2. Pathology and the Paris faculty 3. Pathology in the middle 4. The center holds Part II. Channel Crossing: 5. The context of EnglishExpand
Medicine and Health-Against the Spirit of System: The French Impulse in Nineteenth-Century American Medicine
In this wide-ranging exploration of American medical culture, John Harley Warner offers the first in-depth study of a powerful intellectual and social influence: the radical empiricism of the ParisExpand
American Medicine and the Public Interest
The reissue of Rosemary Stevens's groundbreaking book on the growth of medical specialties offers a new opportunity to consider the state of the American health care system. Updated with an extensiveExpand
The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical London
Looking for the first time at the cut-price anatomy schools rather than genteel Oxbridge, Desmond winkles out pre- Darwinian evolutionary ideas in reform-minded and politically charged earlyExpand
Charity and the London hospitals, 1850-1898
TLDR
The author investigates how and why Victorians contributed to show that benevolence was rarely amenable to a single form or reason, moving on to argue that philanthropy's contribution was modified at a financial and administrative level as hospitals shifted from being philanthropic to medical institutions. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...