The Emergence of Ecology as a New Integrative Discipline

@article{Odum1977TheEO,
  title={The Emergence of Ecology as a New Integrative Discipline},
  author={Eugene P. Odum},
  journal={Science},
  year={1977},
  volume={195},
  pages={1289 - 1293}
}
  • E. Odum
  • Published 25 March 1977
  • Biology
  • Science
It is self-evident that science should not only be reductionist in the sense of seeking to understand phenomena by detailed study of smaller and smaller components, but also synthetic and holistic in the sense of seeking to understand large components as functional wholes. A human being, for example, is not only a hierarchal system composed of organs, cells, enzyme systems, and genes as subsystems, but is also a component of supraindividual hierarchal systems such as populations, cultural… 
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