The Emergence of Black Communities in The Pacific Northwest: 1865-1910

  title={The Emergence of Black Communities in The Pacific Northwest: 1865-1910},
  author={Quintard Taylor},
  journal={The Journal of Negro History},
  pages={342 - 354}
During the Post-Civil War period, approximately ten thousand Afro-Americans participated in the migration of two million people to the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington). However, unlike the majority of newcomers who settled in rural areas, these black migrants generally settled in cities creating the core of Afro-American community life in the region. They established churches and fraternal orders. Newspapers and other business enterprises were founded to serve a black… 
Forgotten Heritage: African Americans in the Montana Territory, 1864-1889
  • B. Behan
  • History
    The Journal of African American History
  • 2006
Historians have made great progress in recent years documenting the stories of "African Americans in the West." However, Montana is one of few western states lacking a thorough study of its black
The ‘Other’ Chautauqua: Examining Race in American Performance
The chautauqua movement in American history was one of informal education, entertainment, and cultural awakening that the United States had not yet experienced on a national scale. From permanent
Overcoming Barriers: Black Women at Boeing
Overcoming Barriers: Black Women at Boeing


Autobiographical notes.
  • L. Loeb
  • History
    Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 1958
My father went to a trade school for two years and then became a tool-and-die maker and most of his life he worked for "Jaroslaw's Erste Glimmerwarenfabrik" , later renamed "Scherb und Schwer G.m.b.H.", in Berlin.
Fifty Years of Progress
As a general practitioner he saw large numbers of patients who suffered from angina pectoris, many of whom had had myocardial infarctions, and includes 100 illustrative case histories, often accompanied by the results of post-mortem examination, which can leave no doubt about the underlying pathology.
Black women in Seattle and Portland also organized branches of the Colored Women's Christian Temperence Union
    See DeBow and Pitter, Who's Who on the Pacific Coast
      Seattle Republican
        The Negro Trailblazers of California (Los Angeles: Times-Mirror Printing and Binding House, 1919), p. 255. 33Helena Montana Plaindealer
          Jim Crow Out West
          • Historical Essays on Montana and the Northwest
          • 1957
          Helena Republicans, a political minority in that city during the 1860's, recruited black votes as early as 1867, three years before the Fifteenth Amendment guaranteeing black voting rights became law
          • Ltd
          • 1941
          The Forgotten Negroes of Last Chance Gulch
          • 1867. 5'Ibid
          1859-1940: A Brief Study of His Life and Work
          • 1970