The Elusive Nature of Executive Functions: A Review of our Current Understanding

  title={The Elusive Nature of Executive Functions: A Review of our Current Understanding},
  author={Mar{\'i}a Beatriz Jurado and Monica Rosselli},
  journal={Neuropsychology Review},
Executive functions include abilities of goal formation, planning, carrying out goal-directed plans, and effective performance. This article aims at reviewing some of the current knowledge surrounding executive functioning and presenting the contrasting views regarding this concept. The neural substrates of the executive system are examined as well as the evolution of executive functioning, from development to decline. There is clear evidence of the vulnerability of executive functions to the… 
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Exploring the unity and diversity of the neural substrates of executive functioning
PET was used to reexamine by conjunction and interaction paradigms the cerebral areas associated with three executive processes (updating, shifting, and inhibition) and showed that specific prefrontal cerebral areas were associated with each executive process.
This chapter addresses the assessment of functions related to the prefrontal region within frontal lobes. It is proposed in this chapter that the neuropsychological assessment of the prefrontal
Executive functions and their disorders.
  • R. Elliott
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British medical bulletin
  • 2003
The emerging view suggests that executive function is mediated by dynamic and flexible networks, that can be characterised using functional integration and effective connectivity analyses, compatible with the clinical presentation of executive dysfunction associated with a range of pathologies, and with evidence that recovery of executive function can occur after traumatic brain injury.
Assessing executive functions in children: biological, psychological, and developmental considerations
  • V. Anderson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Pediatric rehabilitation
  • 2001
The aim of this paper is to review current theories of development of executive functions throughout childhood, and three critical dimensions will be evaluated; biological factors, psychological dimensions, and developmental trajectories.
Normative Data From the Cantab. I: Development of Executive Function Over the Lifespan
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Brain imaging of the central executive component of working memory
Working memory and the Self-Ordered Pointing Task: further evidence of early prefrontal decline in normal aging.
The findings of this study support the contention that the primary impairment of working memory in early normal aging is an active attentional executive processing deficit on the Self-Ordered Pointing Task.
Age-related changes in the efficiency of cognitive processing across the life span.
Assessment and Development of Executive Function (EF) During Childhood
  • P. Anderson
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    Child neuropsychology : a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence
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The ecological validity of EF tests and neuropsychological assessment procedures are examined, and adjunct methods of measurement are presented to enable a more comprehensive and valid assessment of EF.
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