The Elusive Backfire Effect: Mass Attitudes’ Steadfast Factual Adherence

@article{Wood2019TheEB,
  title={The Elusive Backfire Effect: Mass Attitudes’ Steadfast Factual Adherence},
  author={Thomas J. Wood and Ethan Porter},
  journal={Political Behavior},
  year={2019},
  volume={41},
  pages={135-163}
}
Can citizens heed factual information, even when such information challenges their partisan and ideological attachments? The “backfire effect,” described by Nyhan and Reifler (Polit Behav 32(2):303–330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-010-9112-2, 2010), says no: rather than simply ignoring factual information, presenting respondents with facts can compound their ignorance. In their study, conservatives presented with factual information about the absence of Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq… 

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