The Elements of Taste: How Many Are There?

@article{Wertz2013TheEO,
  title={The Elements of Taste: How Many Are There?},
  author={S. K. Wertz},
  journal={The Journal of Aesthetic Education},
  year={2013},
  volume={47},
  pages={46 - 57}
}
  • S. K. Wertz
  • Published 25 April 2013
  • Biology
  • The Journal of Aesthetic Education
What is the number of tastes or flavors we have? Is it five, as most Chinese believe? None, as the ancient Taoists asserted? Four, as Western science traditionally claims? Recently, umami has been added to the traditional four: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter (the Chinese added another: spicy or pungent). Aristotle and Raghavan Iyer (of India) thought there were seven components of taste: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, astringent, pungent, and harsh. In 2001 Gary Kunz and Peter Kaminsky argued for… 
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