The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. II. UV, Optical, and Near-infrared Light Curves and Comparison to Kilonova Models

  title={The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. II. UV, Optical, and Near-infrared Light Curves and Comparison to Kilonova Models},
  author={Philip S. Cowperthwaite and Edo Berger and V. Ashley Villar and Brian D. Metzger and Matt Nicholl and Ryan Chornock and Peter K. Blanchard and Wen-fai Fong and Raffaella Margutti and Marcelle Soares-Santos and Kate D. Alexander and Sahar Allam and James Annis and Dillon Brout and D. A. Brown and Robert E. Butler and H.-Y. Chen and H. Thomas Diehl and Zoheyr Doctor and Maria R. Drout and Tarraneh Eftekhari and Benjamin Farr and David A. Finley and Ryan J. Foley and Joshua A. Frieman and Christopher L. Fryer and Juan Garc'ia-Bellido and Mandeep Singh Gill and James Guillochon and Ken Herner and Daniel E. Holz and Daniel N. Kasen and Richard Kessler and John P. Marriner and Thomas Matheson and Eric H. Neilsen and Jr. and Eliot Quataert and Antonella Palmese and Armin Rest and Masao Sako and Dan Scolnic and Nathan Smith and Douglas L. Tucker and P. K. G. Williams and Eduardo Balbinot and Jeffrey L. Carlin and Erika Cook and Florence Durret and T. S. Li and Paulo A A Lopes and A. C. C. Lourencco and Jennifer L. Marshall and Gustavo E. Medina and J. Muir and Ricardo R. Mu{\~n}oz and Marcus Sauseda and David J. Schlegel and Lucas F. Secco and Anna Katherina Vivas and William C. Wester and A Zenteno and Yang Zhang and Timothy M. C. Abbott and Manda Banerji and Keith C. Bechtol and Aur{\'e}lien Benoit-L{\'e}vy and Emmanuel Bertin and Elizabeth Buckley-Geer and David L. Burke and Diego Capozzi and Aurelio Carnero Rosell and Matias Carrasco Kind and Francisco J. Castander and Mart{\'i}n Crocce and Carlos E. Cunha and Chris D'Andrea and Luiz Nicolaci da Costa and Christopher Davis and Darren Lee Depoy and Shantanu Desai and J. P. Dietrich and Alex Drlica-Wagner and T. F. Eifler and August E. Evrard and Enrique Fern{\'a}ndez and Brenna L. Flaugher and Pablo Fosalba and Enrique Gazta{\~n}aga and David W. Gerdes and T. Giannantonio and Daniel A. Goldstein and Daniel Gruen and Robert A. Gruendl and Gaston R. Guti{\'e}rrez and Klaus Honscheid and B. Jain and David J. James and Tesla E. Jeltema and M. W. G. Johnson and M. D. Johnson and Stephen B. H. Kent and E. Krause and Richard G. Kron and Kyler W. Kuehn and Nikolay Kuropatkin and Ofer Lahav and M. Lima and H. Lin and Marcio A. G. Maia and M March and Paul Martini and Richard G. McMahon and Felipe Menanteau and C. J. Miller and Ramon Miquel and Joseph J. Mohr and Eric H. Neilsen and Robert Nichol and R. L. C. Ogando and Andreas Alejandro Plazas and Natalie A. Roe and A. K. Romer and Aaron Roodman and Eli S. Rykoff and Eusebio S{\'a}nchez and Victor E. Scarpine and Rafe H. Schindler and Michael S. Schubnell and Ignacio Sevilla-Noarbe and Mallory F. Smith and Robert Connon Smith and Flavia Sobreira and Eric Suchyta and Mollye E. C. Swanson and Gregory G. Tarl{\'e} and D. Thomas and R. C. Thomas and Michael Troxel and Vinu Vikram and Alistair R. Walker and Risa H. Wechsler and Jochen Weller and Brian Yanny and Joe Zuntz},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
NSF [AST-1411763, AST-1714498, DGE 1144152, PHY-1707954, AST-1518052]; NASA [NNX15AE50G, NNX16AC22G]; National Science Foundation; Kavli Foundation; Danish National Research Foundation; Niels Bohr International Academy; DARK Cosmology Centre; Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation; Heising-Simons Foundation; UCSC; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; David and Lucile Packard Foundation; European Research Council [ERC-StG-335936]; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation [GBMF5076]; DOE (USA); NSF (USA); MISE (Spain… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Follow-up of the Neutron Star Bearing Gravitational-wave Candidate Events S190425z and S190426c with MMT and SOAR
NSF [AST-1009863, AST-1714498]; NASA [NNX10AF62G, NNX15AE50G]; LSSTC, NSF [1829740]; Brinson Foundation; Moore Foundation; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship [HST-HF2-51403.001-A]; SpaceExpand
A Precise Distance to the Host Galaxy of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 Using Surface Brightness Fluctuations
This research has made use of the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the NationalExpand
Fading of the X-Ray Afterglow of Neutron Star Merger GW170817/GRB 170817A at 260 Days
The authors thank Belinda Wilkes and the Chandra scheduling, data processing, and archive teams for making these observations possible. This work was supported by Chandra Award Number GO7-18033X,Expand
The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/VIRGO GW170817. IV. Detection of Near-infrared Signatures of r-process Nucleosynthesis with Gemini-South
We present a near-infrared spectral sequence of the electromagnetic counterpart to the binary neutron star merger GW170817 detected by Advanced LIGO/Virgo. Our dataset comprises seven epochs of J+HExpand
A DESGW Search for the Electromagnetic Counterpart to the LIGO/Virgo Gravitational-wave Binary Neutron Star Merger Candidate S190510g
We present the results from a search for the electromagnetic counterpart of the LIGO/Virgo event S190510g using the Dark Energy Camera (DECam). S190510g is a binary neutron star (BNS) mergerExpand
Gamma-radiation sky maps from compact binaries
Néstor Ortiz, ∗ Federico Carrasco, 3, † Stephen R. Green, ‡ Luis Lehner, § Steven L. Liebling, ¶ and John Ryan Westernacher-Schneider 7, ∗∗ Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad NacionalExpand
The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. III. Optical and UV Spectra of a Blue Kilonova from Fast Polar Ejecta
We present optical and ultraviolet spectra of the first electromagnetic counterpart to a gravitational wave (GW) source, the binary neutron star merger GW170817. Spectra were obtained nightly betweenExpand
Search for Gravitational-wave Signals Associated with Gamma-Ray Bursts during the Second Observing Run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo
Author(s): Abbott, BP; Abbott, R; Abbott, TD; Abraham, S; Acernese, F; Ackley, K; Adams, C; Adhikari, RX; Adya, VB; Affeldt, C; Agathos, M; Agatsuma, K; Aggarwal, N; Aguiar, OD; Aiello, L; Ain, A;Expand
The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/VIRGO GW170817. VI. Radio Constraints on a Relativistic Jet and Predictions for Late-Time Emission from the Kilonova Ejecta
We present Very Large Array (VLA) and Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array ALMA radio observations of GW\,170817, the first Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO)/VirgoExpand
Probing the extragalactic fast transient sky at minute time-scales with DECam
Research support to IA is also provided by the GROWTH project, funded by the National Science Foundation under Grant No 1545949. GROWTH is a collaborative project between California Institute ofExpand


The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. I. Discovery of the Optical Counterpart Using the Dark Energy Camera
We present the Dark Energy Camera (DECam) discovery of the optical counterpart of the first binary neutron star merger detected through gravitational-wave emission, GW170817. Our observationsExpand
The final inspiral of double neutron star and neutron-star-black-hole binaries are likely to be detected by advanced networks of ground-based gravitational wave (GW) interferometers. Maximizing theExpand
UBVRIz light curves of 51 type II supernovae
Author(s): Galbany, L; Hamuy, M; Phillips, MM; Suntzeff, NB; Maza, J; Jaeger, TD; Moraga, T; Gonzalez-Gaitan, S; Krisciunas, K; Morrell, NI; Thomas-Osip, J; Krzeminski, W; Gonzalez, L; Antezana, R;Expand
The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/VIRGO GW170817. VII. Properties of the Host Galaxy and Constraints on the Merger Timescale
We present the properties of NGC 4993, the host galaxy of GW170817, the first gravitational wave (GW) event from the merger of a binary neutron star (BNS) system and the first with an electromagneticExpand
The discovery of the electromagnetic counterpart of GW170817: kilonova AT 2017gfo/DLT17ck
During the second observing run of the Laser Interferometer gravitational- wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo Interferometer, a gravitational-wave signal consistent with a binary neutron starExpand
Electromagnetic counterparts of compact object mergers powered by the radioactive decay of r‐process nuclei
The most promising astrophysical sources of kHz gravitational waves (GWs) are the inspiral and merger of binary neutron star(NS)/black hole systems. Maximizing the scientific return of a GW detectionExpand
INTEGRAL detection of the first prompt gamma-ray signal coincident with the gravitational-wave event GW170817
We report the INTernational Gamma-ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) detection of the short gamma-ray burst GRB 170817A (discovered by Fermi-GBM) with a signal-to-noise ratio of 4.6, and, for theExpand
Swope Supernova Survey 2017a (SSS17a), the optical counterpart to a gravitational wave source
A rapid astronomical search located the optical counterpart of the neutron star merger GW170817 and shows how these observations can be explained by an explosion known as a kilonova, which produces large quantities of heavy elements in nuclear reactions. Expand
Cosmological Constraints from Measurements of Type Ia Supernovae Discovered During the First 1.5 Yr of the Pan-STARRS1 Survey
We present griz P1 light curves of 146 spectroscopically confirmed Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia; 0.03 < z < 0.65) discovered during the first 1.5 yr of the Pan-STARRS1 Medium Deep Survey. TheExpand
We present a densely sampled, homogeneous set of light curves of 64 low-redshift (z ≲ 0.05) stripped-envelope supernovae (SNe of Type IIb, Ib, Ic, and Ic-BL). These data were obtained between 2001Expand