The Eighth Voyage of the Dragon that Never was: An Enquiry into the Causes of Cessation of Voyages during Early Ming Dynasty

  title={The Eighth Voyage of the Dragon that Never was: An Enquiry into the Causes of Cessation of Voyages during Early Ming Dynasty},
  author={H. Cordelia Ray},
  journal={China Report},
  pages={157 - 178}
  • H. Ray
  • Published 1 May 1987
  • History
  • China Report
Yong Le (1403-24), the third emperor of Ming Dynasty, sent altogether forty-eight missions abroad in twenty-two years. 1 These included Annam (which came under the Ming rule after 1406 for about two decades only) and most countries from Cambodia through the Indian Ocean. Of the forty-eight missions, only eight are known to have been led by bureaucrats: all three to Cambodia, and some early missions to Champa, Siam, Brunei, and the port of Palembang (Jiugang). For the rest 
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178, p. 2; MRZSL, j. 2c
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