The Ehrenfest Classification of Phase Transitions: Introduction and Evolution

@article{Jaeger1998TheEC,
  title={The Ehrenfest Classification of Phase Transitions: Introduction and Evolution},
  author={G. Jaeger},
  journal={Archive for History of Exact Sciences},
  year={1998},
  volume={53},
  pages={51-81}
}
  • G. Jaeger
  • Published 1998
  • Physics
  • Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Abstract The first classification of general types of transition between phases of matter, introduced by Paul Ehrenfest in 1933, lies at a crossroads in the thermodynamical study of critical phenomena. It arose following the discovery in 1932 of a suprising new phase transition in liquid helium, the “lambda transition,” when W. H. Keesom and coworkers in Leiden, Holland observed a λhaped “jump” discontinuity in the curve giving the temperature dependence of the specific heat of helium at a… Expand
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