The Efficacy of Chromium as a Growth Enhancer for Mirror Carp (Cyprinus carpio L): An Integrated Study Using Biochemical, Genetic, and Histological Responses

  title={The Efficacy of Chromium as a Growth Enhancer for Mirror Carp (Cyprinus carpio L): An Integrated Study Using Biochemical, Genetic, and Histological Responses},
  author={Arafat R. Ahmed and Awadhesh N. Jha and Simon J. Davies},
  journal={Biological Trace Element Research},
A growth trial was conducted on juvenile mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) for 8 weeks to compare the efficacy of three chromium (Cr) compounds (Cr chloride, Cr picolinate, and Cr yeast) at a level 0.5 mg/kg as a potential growth enhancer. In addition, a high level of Cr (2.0 mg/kg) as Cr chloride has also been added in parallel for comparison. All Cr fortified diets at a level 0.5 mg/kg produced superior growth for carp compared to the control group and the group fed the high level of Cr… 
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The Effect of Dietary Organic Chromium on Specific Growth Rate, Tissue Chromium Concentrations, Enzyme Activities and Histology in Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio L.
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Findings indicate that optimum dietary Cr-Pic supplementation has a positive effect on growth and blood glucose homeostasis by modifying the mRNA levels related to glucose metabolism and lipogenesis in juvenile blunt snout bream.
Dietary Trivalent Chromium Exposure Up-Regulates Lipid Metabolism in Coral Trout: The Evidence From Transcriptome Analysis
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Stress responses of transportation on red tilapia which given feed containing chromium
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Lemna sp. as a Chromium Heavy Metal Phytoremediator on Tannery Wastewater and its Potential Use as Fish Feed
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Effect of dietary chromium picolinate on growth performance and blood parameters in grass carp fingerling, Ctenopharyngodon idellus
The results of the present study suggested that chromium picolinate could modify serum carbohydrate and lipid metabolism profile, and that the optimal dietary chromium level was 0.8 mg kg−1 for grass carp according to growth.
Effects of dietary l-carnitine and chromium picolinate supplementations on performance and some serum parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
In conclusion, supplemental dietary l-carnitine, chromium picolinate and their combination have no beneficial effects on improving growth performance and feed conversion ratio in rainbow trout, however, dietaryl-c Carnitine slightly increased lipid concentration in dorsal muscle of rainbow trout.
Effects of dietary organic chromium on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) performances and liver microsomal metabolism
It was found that chromium yeast did not change performance substantially, nor carcass indices, carcass and fillet chemical compositions, or hepatic xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes of gilthead seabream, nor CYP-catalysed drug reactions slightly.
Dietary organic chromium supplementation and its effect on the immune response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
The results of the study show that chromium yeast is able to modulate the immune response of rainbow trout, and this effect appears to be both dose- and time-dependent.
Growth performance and nutrient utilization in black Bengal bucks (Capra hircus) supplemented with graded doses of chromium as chromium chloride hexahydrate.
It is revealed that Cr supplementation might promote growth and nutrient utilization in black Bengal bucks and little difference between the 0.2 and 0.4 mg Cr supplemented bucks suggested limited benefit of increasing the level of supplementation beyond 0.
Influence of chromium tripicolinate on growth and glucose metabolism in yearling horses.
Results indicate that Cr tripicolinate supplementation of yearling horses increases the rate at which glucose is metabolized and may lower the plasma glucose concentration.
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Results indicate that prolonged exposure to both hypoxic and hyperoxic conditions induce oxidative stress responses at both DNA and tissue levels, and hypoxia can result in compensatory changes in haematological and growth parameters which could influence Darwinian fitness of the biota with wider ecological implications.
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The data suggest that chromium supplementation improved glucose utilization by tilapia and that Cr2O3 supplementation was markedly more effective than other chromium forms.