The Efficacy of Chromium as a Growth Enhancer for Mirror Carp (Cyprinus carpio L): An Integrated Study Using Biochemical, Genetic, and Histological Responses

@article{Ahmed2012TheEO,
  title={The Efficacy of Chromium as a Growth Enhancer for Mirror Carp (Cyprinus carpio L): An Integrated Study Using Biochemical, Genetic, and Histological Responses},
  author={Arafat R. Ahmed and A. Jha and S. Davies},
  journal={Biological Trace Element Research},
  year={2012},
  volume={148},
  pages={187-197}
}
A growth trial was conducted on juvenile mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) for 8 weeks to compare the efficacy of three chromium (Cr) compounds (Cr chloride, Cr picolinate, and Cr yeast) at a level 0.5 mg/kg as a potential growth enhancer. In addition, a high level of Cr (2.0 mg/kg) as Cr chloride has also been added in parallel for comparison. All Cr fortified diets at a level 0.5 mg/kg produced superior growth for carp compared to the control group and the group fed the high level of Cr… Expand
Growth performance and starch utilization in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in response to dietary chromium chloride supplementation.
TLDR
It appeared that Cr chloride significantly improved growth within a defined range without any negative impact, while 2.0mg Cr/kg in carp diet seems to be the threshold for the initiation of toxicity. Expand
The Effect of Dietary Organic Chromium on Specific Growth Rate, Tissue Chromium Concentrations, Enzyme Activities and Histology in Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio L.
TLDR
The present data clearly showed that dietary Cr yeast was safe in the fish diet at the levels tested and the final body mass, percentage mass gain, specific growth rate, and feed conversion ratio were significantly affected by the two sources of variation. Expand
Effects of two sources of chromium on performance, blood and liver lipid levels in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).
TLDR
Dietary supplementation with Cr using chelate and yeast forms did not improve the performance and the carcass yield of several fish species, which is in agreement with the results of the present study. Expand
Evaluation of cysteamine supplementation in red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) diet: Serum insulin and somatostatin, IGF-1 and GLUT4 genes expression, growth performance, and robustness against stress
TLDR
The results showed that final body weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR), protein retention and muscle protein significantly increased in red tilapia juvenile, and stress challenge test was carried out by using air exposure technique. Expand
Evaluation of Addition Chromium Feed to the Efficiency of Gouramy (Osphronemus goramy) Nursery Time
This research aims to determine the efficiency of gouramy nursery time by providing chromium feed. Chromium feed is carried out by adding lemna meals containing chromium to commercial feed with CrExpand
Dietary Chromium Picolinate Supplementation Affects Growth, Whole-Body Composition, and Gene Expression Related to Glucose Metabolism and Lipogenesis in Juvenile Blunt Snout Bream, Megalobrama amblycephala
TLDR
Findings indicate that optimum dietary Cr-Pic supplementation has a positive effect on growth and blood glucose homeostasis by modifying the mRNA levels related to glucose metabolism and lipogenesis in juvenile blunt snout bream. Expand
Dietary Trivalent Chromium Exposure Up-Regulates Lipid Metabolism in Coral Trout: The Evidence From Transcriptome Analysis
TLDR
Cautious health risk assessment of dietary Cr(III) intake is therefore highly recommended for the commercial and/or natural diets of aquatic animals, which has previously largely been ignored. Expand
Metabolic and physiological responses to intraperitoneal injection of chromium oxide in hyperglycaemic Nile tilapia juveniles
TLDR
In conclusion, Cr2O3 improved the metabolic responses and improves nutritional and physiological status of Nile tilapia. Expand
Lemna sp. as a Chromium Heavy Metal Phytoremediator on Tannery Wastewater and its Potential Use as Fish Feed
Aims: This research aims to determine the ability of Lemna sp. as a phytoremediation agent in absorbing chromium (Cr) in tannery wastewater. Study Design: A total of 20 fiber tubs with size 80 x 80 xExpand
Stress responses of transportation on red tilapia which given feed containing chromium
ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate stress responses of transportation on red tilapia Oreochromis sp. which given feed containing chromium. Three isonitrogenous and isocaloric experimentalExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
The effect of chromium picolinate on growth and carbohydrate utilization in tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus X Oreochromis aureus
TLDR
Results suggest no significant effect of Cr-Pic supplementation at 2 mg/kg diet on growth and carbohydrate utilization in tilapia. Expand
Effect of dietary chromium picolinate on growth performance and blood parameters in grass carp fingerling, Ctenopharyngodon idellus
TLDR
The results of the present study suggested that chromium picolinate could modify serum carbohydrate and lipid metabolism profile, and that the optimal dietary chromium level was 0.8 mg kg−1 for grass carp according to growth. Expand
Effects of dietary l-carnitine and chromium picolinate supplementations on performance and some serum parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
TLDR
In conclusion, supplemental dietary l-carnitine, chromium picolinate and their combination have no beneficial effects on improving growth performance and feed conversion ratio in rainbow trout, however, dietaryl-c Carnitine slightly increased lipid concentration in dorsal muscle of rainbow trout. Expand
Effects of dietary organic chromium on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) performances and liver microsomal metabolism
TLDR
It was found that chromium yeast did not change performance substantially, nor carcass indices, carcass and fillet chemical compositions, or hepatic xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes of gilthead seabream, nor CYP-catalysed drug reactions slightly. Expand
Dietary organic chromium supplementation and its effect on the immune response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
TLDR
The results of the study show that chromium yeast is able to modulate the immune response of rainbow trout, and this effect appears to be both dose- and time-dependent. Expand
Growth performance and nutrient utilization in black Bengal bucks (Capra hircus) supplemented with graded doses of chromium as chromium chloride hexahydrate.
TLDR
It is revealed that Cr supplementation might promote growth and nutrient utilization in black Bengal bucks and little difference between the 0.2 and 0.4 mg Cr supplemented bucks suggested limited benefit of increasing the level of supplementation beyond 0. Expand
Influence of chromium tripicolinate on growth and glucose metabolism in yearling horses.
TLDR
Results indicate that Cr tripicolinate supplementation of yearling horses increases the rate at which glucose is metabolized and may lower the plasma glucose concentration. Expand
Hypoxia-induced oxidative DNA damage links with higher level biological effects including specific growth rate in common carp, Cyprinus carpio L.
TLDR
Results indicate that prolonged exposure to both hypoxic and hyperoxic conditions induce oxidative stress responses at both DNA and tissue levels, and hypoxia can result in compensatory changes in haematological and growth parameters which could influence Darwinian fitness of the biota with wider ecological implications. Expand
Carbohydrate utilization by tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus) as influenced by different chromium sources.
TLDR
The data suggest that chromium supplementation improved glucose utilization by tilapia and that Cr2O3 supplementation was markedly more effective than other chromium forms. Expand
The effect of artificial feed on blood biochemistry profile and liver histology of wild saddled bream, Oblada melanura (Sparidae).
TLDR
The saddled bream sampled from populations aggregated around the Adriatic fish farm and from natural/control populations, were analysed for differences in eleven blood biochemistry parameters and liver histomorphology, indicating contrasting feeding behaviour of sampled populations. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...