The Effects of Vitamin D Deficiency in Athletes

  title={The Effects of Vitamin D Deficiency in Athletes},
  author={Michael Angeline and Albert O. Gee and Michael K. Shindle and Russell F. Warren and Scott A. Rodeo},
  journal={The American Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={461 - 464}
Vitamin D acts to maintain calcium and phosphate homeostasis within the body. It is now estimated that 1 billion people worldwide are vitamin D deficient. This problem is particularly important to athletes of all ages, as vitamin D plays a significant role in bone health, immune function, and physical performance. In the deficient state, the athlete may be at an increased risk for potential problems such as stress fractures, respiratory infections, and muscle injuries. The purpose of this… 

The Role of Vitamin D Supplements in Women’s Health

Both the classical and nonclassical functions of vitamin D will be discussed here, with a focus on women, which may be decreased by interventions such as vitamin D.

Role of Vitamin D in Athletes and Their Performance: Current Concepts and New Trends

The data presented in this paper has triggered investigations in relation to the importance of maintaining adequate levels of vitamin D and to the possible positive influence supplementation has on immune and musculoskeletal functions in athletes, benefiting their performance and preventing future injuries.

Chapter 1 Vitamin D and Physical Activity

In muscles, vitamin D deficiency is associated with a decline in neuromuscular function including muscular strength, walking speed, balance, jumping and sprinting performance, and aerobic capacity, although the evidence is still weak regarding its effects in the young and the athletes.

Vitamin D, Skeletal Muscle Function and Athletic Performance in Athletes—A Narrative Review

The purpose of this study is to summarize the current evidence of the relationship between vitamin D, skeletal muscle function and physical performance in athletes and to discuss the effect of vitamin D supplementation on athletic performance in players.

Vitamin D and the athlete–patient: state of the art

More caution should be applied regarding the ability of supranormal vitamin D levels to elevate athletic performance and improved understanding of its intracellular control of the authors' genetic mechanisms and how extrinsic influences modify its activity.

Vitamin D and Physical Activity

The authors failed to observe any difference between the groups in quadriceps CSA and isometric strength despite the observed increase in strength that was evident in both groups compared to baseline, although in individuals with adequate levels of vitamin D, additional supplemen‐ tation does not appear to enhance further physical capabilities.

A review and clinical summary of vitamin D in regard to bone health and athletic performance

Clinical insight and clarity is provided for those practicing in the primary care setting as well as for those taking care of athletes about vitamin D levels in athletes.

Vitamin D Deficiency and Sarcopenia in Older Persons

The biological, clinical and epidemiological evidence supporting the hypothesis of a causal association between Vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of sarcopenia in older people is summarized.

Vitamin D and Athletes, Part I: A Growing Interest

The relationship between vitamin D and injury prevention and take-home practice points for clinicians will be outlined, as well as key aspects of the vitamin D literature that clinicians should understand to help guide responsible supplementation decisions.

Muscular effects of vitamin D in young athletes and non-athletes and in the elderly

The aim of this review is to appraise the current understanding of the significance of vitamin D on muscular performance in both older and frail individuals as well as in younger adults, athletes or non-athletes with regard to both ordinary everyday musculoskeletal tasks and peak athletic performance.



Vitamin D, muscle function, and exercise performance.

Vitamin D deficiency.

  • M. Holick
  • Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 2007
The role of vitamin D in skeletal and nonskeletal health is considered and strategies for the prevention and treatment ofitamin D deficiency are suggested.

Vestibular dysfunction in vitamin D receptor mutant mice

High Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency in Athletes and Dancers

A higher rate of vitamin D insufficiency was found among participants who practice indoors, during the winter months, and in the presence of iron depletion.

Vitamin D and Its Role in Skeletal Muscle

This review discusses the clinical and laboratory studies that have examined a role of vitamin D in skeletal muscle and indicates that vitamin D status is positively associated with muscle strength and physical performance and inversely associated with risk of falling.

Low vitamin D status has an adverse influence on bone mass, bone turnover, and muscle strength in Chinese adolescent girls.

It is suggested that adequate vitamin D status during adolescence is important for optimizing bone mass, which may lead to higher peak bone mass at maturity and also compromises forearm muscle strength.

Vitamin D Status of Females in an Elite Gymnastics Program

  • G. Lovell
  • Medicine, Education
    Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
  • 2008
Gymnasts and possibly other indoor athletes should be carefully reviewed for vitamin D and calcium status, according to current recommended guidelines for optimal bone health.

Hypovitaminosis D in patients scheduled to undergo orthopaedic surgery: a single-center analysis.

The prevalence of low serum levels of vitamin D among patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery is very common, and such low levels may negatively impact patient outcomes.

Antioxidant and Vitamin D supplements for athletes: Sense or nonsense?

Based upon the growing evidence that many athletic populations are vitamin D deficient or insufficient, it is recommended that athletes monitor their serum vitamin D concentration and consult with their health care professional and/or nutritionist to determine if they would derive health benefits from vitamin D supplementation.

Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease.

  • M. Holick
  • Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2004
Maintaining blood concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D above 80 nmol/L (approximately 30 ng/mL) not only is important for maximizing intestinal calcium absorption but also may be important for providing the extrarenal 1alpha-hydroxylase that is present in most tissues to produce 1,25-dihydroxyv vitamin D3.