The Effects of Summer Vacation on Achievement Test Scores: A Narrative and Meta-Analytic Review

  title={The Effects of Summer Vacation on Achievement Test Scores: A Narrative and Meta-Analytic Review},
  author={Harris Cooper and Barbara Nye and Kelly Charlton and James J. Lindsay and Scott Greathouse},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  pages={227 - 268}
A review of 39 studies indicated that achievement test scores decline over summer vacation. The results of the 13 most recent studies were combined using meta-analytic procedures. The meta-analysis indicated that the summer loss equaled about one month on a grade-level equivalent scale, or one tenth of a standard deviation relative to spring test scores. The effect of summer break was more detrimental for math than for reading and most detrimental for math computation and spelling. Also, middle… 

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  • R. Cook
  • Education
    The Elementary School Journal
  • 1942
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