• Corpus ID: 3689678

The Effects of Smiling and Frowning on Perceived Affect and Exertion While Physically Active

  title={The Effects of Smiling and Frowning on Perceived Affect and Exertion While Physically Active},
  author={Philipp B. Philippen and Frank C. Bakker and Ra{\^o}ul R. D. Oudejans and R. Canal Bruland},
  journal={Journal of sport behavior},
Numerous studies demonstrated that deliberate control of facial expressions can influence the self-rating of affective states. The self-regulation of affect is an important part of skilled sport performances. However, no study tested the effects of facial expressions under conditions of physical activity. The aim of the present study was to examine whether deliberately adopted facial expressions have an effect on affective states and perceived exertion during physical activity. Participants… 
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