The Effects of Music and Structured Oral Directions on Auding and Reading Comprehension

@article{Palmer1991TheEO,
  title={The Effects of Music and Structured Oral Directions on Auding and Reading Comprehension},
  author={Barbara C. Palmer and Marilyn F. Sharp and Beverly-Anne Carter and Yvette Roddenberry},
  journal={International Journal of Listening},
  year={1991},
  volume={5},
  pages={7-21}
}
This study investigated the effects of Mozart's high-frequency-rich music and structured oral directions on third graders' auding and reading comprehension performance. The design was pre-post, with a control group and two experimental treatment groups. Mozart Symphonies Nos. 35, 38, 40, and 41, and four Frank Schaffer listening skills books were used with one experimental group. The second experimental group received the listening instruction without music. The control group worked assorted… Expand
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