The Effects of Instant Messaging on the Quality of Adolescents’ Existing Friendships: A Longitudinal Study

@article{Valkenburg2009TheEO,
  title={The Effects of Instant Messaging on the Quality of Adolescents’ Existing Friendships: A Longitudinal Study},
  author={Patti M. Valkenburg and Jochen Peter},
  journal={Journal of Leukocyte Biology},
  year={2009}
}
Recent studies suggest that instant messaging (IM) is positively related to the quality of adolescents’ existing friendships. [] Key Method A sample of 812 Dutch adolescents between 10 and 17 years of age were surveyed twice within a 6-month interval. IM had a positive longitudinal effect on the quality of adolescents’ existing friendships. This direct positive effect could be explained entirely by adolescents’ tendency to disclose intimate information online.

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Long-Term Benefits of Positive Self-Presentation via Profile Pictures, Number of Friends and the Initiation of Relationships on Facebook for Adolescents’ Self-Esteem and the Initiation of Offline Relationships
TLDR
Adolescents’ positive self-presentation and number of friends were found to be related to a higher frequency of receiving positive feedback, which in turn was negatively associated with self-esteem, demonstrating that Facebook may be a training ground for increasing adolescents’ social skills.
Online friendships: What do adolescents feel, think, prefer and expect?
The main purpose of this research was to establish what Dutch adolescents feel, think, prefer and expect when it concerns online communication in their friendships. In addition, this research wanted
Socially Interactive and Passive Technologies Enhance Friendship Quality: An Investigation of the Mediating Roles of Online and Offline Self-Disclosure
TLDR
The current study enhances understanding regarding the positive effects associated with the use of STs among close friends and identifies the contribution of online self-disclosure for offline interactions.
Predictors and Social Consequences of Online Interactive Self-Disclosure: A Literature Review from 2002 to 2014
TLDR
The article concludes with recommendations for future research, including the analysis of actual computer-mediated exchanges and longitudinal research that takes into account the dynamic process of self-disclosure over time and across media.
Adolescents' use of Instant Messaging as a means of emotional relief
The dual impact of online communication on older adults' social connectivity
TLDR
It is found that older adults differentiate between social connectivity with other village members, i.e., village connectivity, and connectivity with friends, and the impact of online communication varies among these two types of social connectivity.
Social Consequences of the Internet for Adolescents
TLDR
The state of the literature on the consequences of online communication technologies (e.g., instant messaging) for adolescents' social connectedness and well-being and a viable hypothesis is discussed: the Internet-enhanced self-disclosure hypothesis.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Online Communication and Adolescent Well-Being: Testing the Stimulation Versus the Displacement Hypothesis
TLDR
Support is found for the stimulation hypothesis but not for the displacement hypothesis, and a moderating effect of type of online communication on adolescents’ well-being is found: Instant messaging, which was mostly used to communicate with existing friends, positively predictedWell-being via the mediating variables.
The Quality of Online and Offline Relationships: The Role of Multiplexity and Duration of Social Relationships
TLDR
It is argued that the quality of social relationships is dependent on duration and diversity of topics and activities carried together, and time is important, as it facilitates the development of a collective shared history and identity.
Developing a Model of Adolescent Friendship Formation on the Internet
TLDR
It is shown that extraverted adolescents self-disclosed and communicated online more frequently, which, in turn, facilitated the formation of online friendships and suggests that the antecedents of online friendship formation are more complex than previously assumed.
Internet Communication and Its Relation to Well-Being: Identifying Some Underlying Mechanisms
Abstract The aim of this study was to improve our insight into the relation between Internet communication and well-being. Drawing on a survey of 816 adolescents, we initially found that Internet
Similarity and the Quality of Online and Offline Social Relationships Among Adolescents in Israel
Studies on online social relationships have focused on how Internet use is associated with sociability, but have not compared the quality of online with offline relationships. On the other hand,
Preadolescents' and adolescents' online communication and their closeness to friends.
TLDR
There was a curvilinear relationship between age and perceived value of the Internet for intimate self-disclosure, such that 15-year-olds were at the epitome of online self- Disclosure.
IMing, Text Messaging, and Adolescent Social Networks
TLDR
The results show that the adolescents in the study were not creating more ties using SITs, nor were they necessarily creating weaker S IT-based ties; that there was little overlap between SIT-facilitated and offline social networks; and that socially isolated adolescents were less likely than other adolescents to use S ITs.
Friendships through IM: Examining the Relationship between Instant Messaging and Intimacy
TLDR
Results showed the amount of IM use was positively associated not only with verbal intimacy, but also with affective and social intimacy, and suggest that IM promotes rather than hinders intimacy.
Instant messaging in teen life
TLDR
Differences in the nature of use between high school and college teens are found to be accounted for by teens' degree of autonomy as a function of domestic and scholastic obligations, the development of independent work practices, Internet connectivity access, and even transportation access.
Social Relationships and Internet Use among Adolescents in Israel
Objective. This study examined the relationship between youth leisure activities, peer relations, and prosocial attitudes and the frequency of Internet use among adolescents in Israel. Methods.
...
...