The Effects of Immigration on the Economy: Lessons from the 1920s Border Closure

  title={The Effects of Immigration on the Economy: Lessons from the 1920s Border Closure},
  author={Ran Abramitzky and P. Ager and L. Boustan and Elior Cohen and C. Hansen},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  • Ran Abramitzky, P. Ager, +2 authors C. Hansen
  • Published 2019
  • Economics
  • NBER Working Paper Series
  • In the 1920s, the United States substantially reduced immigrant entry by imposing country-specific quotas. We compare local labor markets with more or less exposure to the national quotas due to differences in initial immigrant settlement. A puzzle emerges: the earnings of existing US-born workers declined after the border closure, despite the loss of immigrant labor supply. We find that more skilled US-born workers – along with unrestricted immigrants from Mexico and Canada – moved into… CONTINUE READING
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