The Effects of Enforcement on Illegal Markets: Evidence from Migrant Smuggling Along the Southwestern Border

@article{Gathmann2004TheEO,
  title={The Effects of Enforcement on Illegal Markets: Evidence from Migrant Smuggling Along the Southwestern Border},
  author={Christina Gathmann},
  journal={Immigration},
  year={2004}
}
  • Christina Gathmann
  • Published 2004
  • Economics
  • Immigration
  • This paper analyzes how enforcement along the U.S.-Mexican border has affected the market for migrant smugglers. Using a unique dataset that links border crossing histories from illegal Mexican migrants to aggregate enforcement and punishment statistics, we find that the effect of enforcement on smuggling prices is small. Though enforcement has more than tripled over the past fifteen years, smuggling prices have increased by at most 30 percent. Unlike estimates from illegal drugs, the demand… CONTINUE READING
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