The Effects of Canvassing, Telephone Calls, and Direct Mail on Voter Turnout: A Field Experiment

@article{Gerber2000TheEO,
  title={The Effects of Canvassing, Telephone Calls, and Direct Mail on Voter Turnout: A Field Experiment},
  author={Alan S. Gerber and Donald P. Green},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  year={2000},
  volume={94},
  pages={653 - 663}
}
  • A. Gerber, D. Green
  • Published 1 September 2000
  • Economics
  • American Political Science Review
We report the results of a randomized field experiment involving approximately 30,000 registered voters in New Haven, Connecticut. Nonpartisan get-out-the-vote messages were conveyed through personal canvassing, direct mail, and telephone calls shortly before the November 1998 election. A variety of substantive messages were used. Voter turnout was increased substantially by personal canvassing, slightly by direct mail, and not at all by telephone calls. These findings support our hypothesis… 

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