The Effects of Canvassing, Telephone Calls, and Direct Mail on Voter Turnout: A Field Experiment

@article{Gerber2000TheEO,
  title={The Effects of Canvassing, Telephone Calls, and Direct Mail on Voter Turnout: A Field Experiment},
  author={Alan S. Gerber and Donald P. Green},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  year={2000},
  volume={94},
  pages={653 - 663}
}
We report the results of a randomized field experiment involving approximately 30,000 registered voters in New Haven, Connecticut. Nonpartisan get-out-the-vote messages were conveyed through personal canvassing, direct mail, and telephone calls shortly before the November 1998 election. A variety of substantive messages were used. Voter turnout was increased substantially by personal canvassing, slightly by direct mail, and not at all by telephone calls. These findings support our hypothesis… Expand
Partisan Mail and Voter Turnout: Results From Randomized Field Experiments
Political campaigns currently make extensive use of direct mail, particularly in state and local races, yet its effects on voter behavior are not well understood. This essay presents the results ofExpand
Do Phone Calls Increase Voter Turnout? An Update
This article estimates the extent to which nonpartisan phone calls from commercial phone banks increase voter turnout. Prior to the 1998 and 2002 elections, randomized field experiments wereExpand
Get Out the Vote-by-Mail? A Randomized Field Experiment Testing the Effect of Mobilization in Traditional and Vote-by-Mail Precincts
This study extends previous field experimental research on turnout by considering how institutional context moderates the effect of mobilization. Taking advantage of a setting in which someExpand
Do impersonal mobilisation methods work? Evidence from a nationwide Get - Out -The - Vote experiment in England
While face-to-face mobilisation has a demonstrable effect on voter turnout, a series of field experiments show that impersonal methods, such as telephoning and direct mail, are less effective. ThisExpand
Identifying the Effect of Mobilization on Voter Turnout through a Natural Experiment
Although numerous get-out-the-vote field experiments have identified the effects of particular mobilization tactics (e.g., canvassing, phone calls, direct mails) on voter turnout, we do not yet haveExpand
The Effects of Retail Politics in the New Hampshire Primary
tablishing contact with voters through direct mail, telephone banks, rallies and face-to-face campaigning, yet there is little systematic research about the impact of such retail poli? tics onExpand
The Persuasive Effects of Direct Mail: a Regression Discontinuity Approach
During the contest for Kansas attorney general in 2006, an organization sent out 6 pieces of mail criticizing the incumbent's conduct in office. We exploit a discontinuity in the rule used to selectExpand
Mobilization Effects Using Mail
We use field experiments in Texas and Wisconsin to address voter mobilization and turnout by evaluating nonpartisan get-out-the-vote (GOTV) messages delivered via mail during 2010 gubernatorialExpand
Mobilizing African-American Voters Using Direct Mail and Commercial Phone Banks: A Field Experiment
This essay summarizes the results of a large-scale randomized experiment conducted during the 2000 election campaign by the NAACP National Voter Fund, which sought to mobilize African-AmericanExpand
The Growing Efficacy of Telephone Political Canvassing at the 2005 and 2010 British General Elections
Partly in response to declining local party memberships, and partly as a feature of the growing modernisation and centralisation of constituency campaigns, Britain's major political parties have inExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
Stimulating Voter Turnout in a Primary
This study reports on a field experiment of a precinct committeeman's efforts to stimulate voter turnout in the 1980 primary election. The experimentally manipulated variables included both theExpand
Effects of Telephone Canvassing on Turnout and Preferences: A Field Experiment
IN DECIDING how to allocate campaign resources, strategists have remarkably little scholarly research available on the effects of particular kinds of campaign activities. The large volume ofExpand
THE EFFECTS OF PRECINCT-LEVEL CANVASSING ON VOTER BEHAVIOR
How do the millions of hours spent in each election on door-to-door canvassing affect voters' behavior? Data from the SRC election surveys of 1952, 1956, 1960, and 1964 are analyzed byExpand
A Controlled Experiment to Measure the Effects of Personal Contact Campaigning
TLDR
The experiment was designed to measure the impact of door-to-door canvassing and telephone solicitation in a camgaign for local office and the findings are compared to other studies in the field. Expand
Response Validity in Surveysof Voting Behavior
This paper presents the results of a project which validated the reported registration and voting behavior of respondents in a national election study. The accuracy of reported voting behavior in theExpand
Pre-election Interview Effects on Voter Turnout
VOTERS are frequently interviewed before an election to predict and explain the outcome. However, the interviewed sample cannot be considered equivalent to those not interviewed no matter howExpand
Party Contacting and Political Participation, 1952-90
Although the role of political parties in structuring vote choice has become considerably weaker in the last 30 years, we find that parties continue to be active organizations and contact one-fifthExpand
Partisan mobilization and electoral participation
Electoral participation typically has been investigated without consideration of the impact of political mobilization. We construct a more complete measure of participation in elections—voting in andExpand
Going Negative: How Political Advertisements Shrink and Polarize the Electorate
Drawing on both laboratory experiments and the real world of America's presidential, gubernatorial, and congressional races, the authors show that negative advertising drives down voter turnout - inExpand
HOW BEING INTERVIEWED AFFECTS VOTING: AN EXPERIMENT
This section of the Quarterly is reserved for brief reports of research in progress, discussions of unsolved problems, methodological studies, and public opinion data not extensively analyzed orExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...