The Effects of 528 Hz Sound Wave to Reduce Cell Death in Human Astrocyte Primary Cell Culture Treated with Ethanol

@article{Babayi2017TheEO,
  title={The Effects of 528 Hz Sound Wave to Reduce Cell Death in Human Astrocyte Primary Cell Culture Treated with Ethanol},
  author={Tohid Babayi and Gholam Hossein Riazi},
  journal={Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy},
  year={2017},
  volume={2017},
  pages={1-5}
}
Objective: Alcohol consumption, because of damaging effects on various tissues including nerves system, causes a major problem in human societies. Nowadays, Usages of the non-pharmacological and non-invasive agents is common. Sound waves which are classified in non-invasive agent, beside on stimulation the auditory cells, also impact on non- auditory cells. It has been reported that the frequency of 528 HZ is related to the note MI and it shown some strange effects such as increasing the… 

Figures from this paper

Influence of various intensities of 528 Hz sound-wave in production of testosterone in rat’s brain and analysis of behavioral changes
TLDR
The results reveal that reduced anxiety is related to increased concentration of testosterone in brain, which may lead to a possible therapy in which sounds may be utilized to reduce anxiety in individual.
In vitro effects on cellular shaping, contratility, cytoskeletal organization and mitochondrial activity in HL1 cells after different sounds stimulation. A qualitative pilot study and a theoretical physical model
TLDR
It is speculated that it can be “understood” by the cells by virtue of the different sound waves geometric properties that are photographed and filmed and a theoretical physical model is proposed to explain the preliminary results.
Sounds Stimulation on In Vitro HL1 Cells: A Pilot Study and a Theoretical Physical Model
TLDR
Different sound stimuli seem to influence the contractility and the spatial organization of HL1 cells, resulting in a different localization and fluorescence emission of cytoskeletal proteins, which speculate can influence the cells by virtue of the different sound waves’ geometric properties.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES
Acute exposure of cultured neurones to ethanol results in reversible DNA single-strand breaks; whereas chronic exposure causes loss of cell viability.
TLDR
In the experiment reported herein, primary cultures of neurones were exposed either chronically or acutely to doses of ethanol within the range of blood alcohol levels in intoxicated humans, and neurones entered a death cell process compatible with apoptosis.
Characterization of the morphological variations of astrocytes in culture following ethanol exposure.
TLDR
The results suggest that ethanol might affect astrocytes in two different but probably complementary ways by modifying the cell shape and by altering normal cell development.
Comparison of Ethanol and Acetaldehyde Toxicity in Rat Astrocytes in Primary Culture
TLDR
It is concluded that long-term exposure of astrocytes to ethanol is more toxic than acute exposure, and at least a part of ethanol toxicity is due to ethanol's first metabolite acetaldehyde.
Astrocytes protect neurons from ethanol‐induced oxidative stress and apoptotic death
TLDR
It is illustrated that astrocytes can protect neurons from ethanol‐mediated apoptotic death and that this may be related to maintenance of neuron GSH.
Astrocytes as the site for bioactivation of neurotoxins.
TLDR
Original data presented in this study do not support, however, a role of astrocytic MAO in the conversion of N-methyl-1,2,3,4-TIQ to the corresponding quinolinium metabolite.
Advances in Effects of Sound Waves on Plants
Effect of alcohol on cellular membranes.
Maternal alcohol exposure before and during pregnancy: effect on development of neurons and glial cells in culture.
TLDR
The results confirmed previous in vivo experiments pointing out long-lasting effects of maternal alcohol exposure in the offspring, and found a delayed nerve cell maturation assessed by microscopic observations and determination of enzymatic markers of nerve cell development.
Swelling and Volume Control in Brain Astroglial Cells
TLDR
The compliance of the brain, or its ability to increase volume when the interstitial pressure increases, varies between gray and white matter, and such expansion has to occur at the expense of some other component since the total volume within the rigid skull is fixed.
...
...