The Effectiveness of Interventions Aimed at Improving Well-Being and Resilience to Stress in First Responders

  title={The Effectiveness of Interventions Aimed at Improving Well-Being and Resilience to Stress in First Responders},
  author={Jennifer Wild and Shama el-Salahi and Michelle Degli Esposti},
  journal={European Psychologist},
Abstract. First responders are routinely exposed to traumatic critical incidents, placing them at higher risk for developing stress-related psychopathology and associated health problems than the g... 

Pre-incident Training to Build Resilience in First Responders: Recommendations on What to and What Not to Do

No evidence of the effectiveness of pre-employment screening or psychoeducation offered as a standalone package is found, and little evidence for interventions aimed to improve wellbeing and resilience to stress is found - although current trials of empirically-driven interventions for first responders are underway and show promise in preventing stress-related psychopathology.

Posttraumatic Cognitions as a Pathway from Resilience to Sleep in First Responders

First responders experience repeated trauma exposure within a unique environment that subjects them to multiple personal and professional stressors, discourages vulnerability, and disrupts sleep

The impact of COVID-19 on first responders' resilience and attachment

ABSTRACT COVID-19 continues to have a deleterious impact on vulnerable populations in our society, and unfortunately, first responders are often overlooked in this conversation. To address that gap,

Impact of spirituality on resilience and coping during the COVID-19 crisis: A mixed-method approach investigating the impact on women

Quantitative findings supporting the positive influence of spirituality on resilience, hope, optimism, peace, and comfort suggest that spirituality may be an important dimension as this pandemic continues to unfold across the globe.

A Qualitative Analysis of the Mental Health Training and Educational Needs of Firefighters, Paramedics, and Public Safety Communicators in Canada

Participants reported needing more engaging methods for delivering information, career-long mental health knowledge acquisition, and a systems approach to improve the workplace culture, particularly regarding mental health.

Confinement Situation of the Spanish Population during the Health Crisis of COVID-19: Resilience Mediation Process in the Relationship of Dispositional Optimism and Psychological Well-Being

It was found that the most optimistic people have better psychological well-being and that this is increased by the mediation process exercised by the ability to overcome adversity, provided age and educational level are controlled.

Possible substance use disorders among first responders during the COVID-19 era: a quasi-experimental study of personal and residential vulnerability.

This study highlights the degree to which personal and residential vulnerability to COVID-19 impacted first responders and elucidates the need for preventative and clinical approaches to strengthen the resilience of this population.

Identifying the components of spirituality affecting the resilience of nurses.

The results of data analysis showed that seven components affecting resilience of nurses in the Corona ward are religious values, morality, self-awareness, patience and hope, wisdom, voluntary activities and the otherworld belief.

Boosting Resilience through Spiritual Well-being: COVID-19 Example

Spiritual well-being is the affirmation of one’s life in a relation to external world, one’s own self and a transcendental power like God. It reflects positive feelings, attitudes, and perceptions



The Primary Prevention of PTSD in Firefighters: Preliminary Results of an RCT with 12-Month Follow-Up

This study is the first randomised control trial investigating the primary prevention of PTSD and found no evidence that the intervention was effective in the primary Prevention of mental health issues, nor did it find any significant impact of MAPS training on social support or coping strategies.

Building resilience for future adversity: a systematic review of interventions in non-clinical samples of adults

There is evidence pointing towards some degree of effectiveness of resilience promotion programs, despite the poor operationalization of the construct and great heterogeneity in the studies.

A prospective study of pre-trauma risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression

Logistic regressions showed that rumination about memories of stressful events at the start of training uniquely predicted an episode of PTSD, and Cognitive predictors of episodes of PTSD and MD are promising targets for resilience interventions.

The role of resilience on psychological adjustment and physical health in patients with diabetes.

In patients with diabetes, resilience resources predicted future HbA(1c) and buffered worsening Hb a(1C) and self-care behaviours in the face of rising distress levels and after controlling for starting-points.

Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and the effect of explanatory variables in paramedic trainees

There is a need for efficient, ongoing screening of depressive and PTSD symptomatology in trauma exposed high risk groups so that early psychological supportive interventions can be offered.

Assessment of a prevention program for work-related stress among urban police officers

This first primary prevention study of high-risk professions demonstrates the validity and functional utility of the intervention and it is suggested that preventive imagery training in first responders might contribute to enhanced resiliency.

Resilience in the Face of Adversity

  • M. Rutter
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 1985
Although an appreciation that a variety of stressors may play a role in the genesis of psychiatric disorder has a long history, the systematic study of such effects is much more recent.

Testing a Resilience Training Program in Police Recruits: A Pilot Study

Results confirm several significant effects of resilience training with recruits, including change in coherence, improvement in the Personal Organizational Quality Assessment Emotional Buoyancy subscale, and improvements in the number of practice sessions.