The Effect of Vegan Diets on Blood Pressure in Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

@article{Lpez2019TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Vegan Diets on Blood Pressure in Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.},
  author={Persio David L{\'o}pez and Eder Hans Cativo and Steven Atlas and Clive Rosendorff},
  journal={The American journal of medicine},
  year={2019}
}
Effects of Vegetarian Diets on Blood Pressure Lowering: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis
TLDR
In conclusion, vegetarian diets are associated with significant reductions in BP compared with omnivorous diets, suggesting that they may play a key role in the primary prevention and overall management of hypertension.
The effect of plant-based dietary patterns on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled intervention trials
TLDR
PBDs with limited animal products lower both SBP and DBP, across sex and BMI, and the certainty of the results is high for the lacto-ovo vegetarian and Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diets, moderate for the Nordic and Mediterranean diets, low for the vegan diet, and very low forThe high-fruit and vegetable and high-fiber diets.
Effects of Popular Diets on Anthropometric and Cardiometabolic Parameters: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials.
TLDR
Among all the diets evaluated, the Mediterranean diet had the strongest and most consistent evidence of a beneficial effect on both anthropometric parameters and cardiometabolic risk factors.
Efficacy of different dietary patterns on lowering of blood pressure level: an umbrella review.
TLDR
Adherence to the DASH, Nordic, and portfolio diets effectively reduced BP and evidence for the efficacy of BP lowering using the Mediterranean, vegetarian, Paleolithic, low-carbohydrate, low glycemic index, high-protein, and low-fat diets was inconsistent.
Vegan dietary pattern for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
TLDR
The effectiveness of following a vegan dietary pattern for the primary and secondary prevention of CVD was determined and there was moderate-certainty evidence from four trials with 449 participants that a vegan diet probably led to a small reduction in total cholesterol levels.
Dietary interventions in blood pressure lowering: current evidence in 2020.
TLDR
DASH diet is able to lower BP equally or even more significantly than some antihypertensive drugs, and Vegetarian and vegan diets have robust evidence proving their ability to reduce BP.
Vegan Diet Health Benefits in Metabolic Syndrome
TLDR
The aim of this review is to analyze the possible impact of the vegan diet on MetS onset and its treatment and recommend oral food supplements especially fortified foods to restore the nutritional deficiencies.
Lifestyle interventions for the prevention and treatment of hypertension
TLDR
Strong evidence supports the benefits of regular physical activity and exercise for the prevention and management of hypertension, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet is the most effective dietary approach to prevent hypertension and to reduce blood pressure in individuals with pre-hypertension or hypertension.
Dietary Intakes and Cardiovascular Health of Healthy Adults in Short-, Medium-, and Long-Term Whole-Food Plant-Based Lifestyle Program
TLDR
Participation in the WFPB lifestyle program is associated with favourable dietary intakes, safety markers, and CV risk factor profiles, and participation in the primary CVD prevention was assessed.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Dietary Patterns and Blood Pressure in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
TLDR
The results suggest that healthy dietary patterns such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, Nordic diet, and Mediterranean diet significantly lowered systolic BP and diastolic BP by 4.26mm Hg and 2.38 mm Hg, respectively.
Vegetarian diets and blood pressure: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Consumption of vegetarian diets is associated with lower BP and such diets could be a useful nonpharmacologic means for reducing BP.
Comparative effects of different dietary approaches on blood pressure in hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients: A systematic review and network meta-analysis
TLDR
The present network meta-analysis suggests that the DASH dietary approach might be the most effective dietary measure to reduce blood pressure among hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients based on high quality evidence.
Vegetarian, vegan diets and multiple health outcomes: A systematic review with meta-analysis of observational studies
TLDR
This comprehensive meta-analysis reports a significant protective effect of a vegetarian diet versus the incidence and/or mortality from ischemic heart disease and incidence from total cancer, and vegan diet conferred a significant reduced risk of incidence fromTotal cancer.
A multicenter randomized controlled trial of a plant-based nutrition program to reduce body weight and cardiovascular risk in the corporate setting: the GEICO study
TLDR
An 18-week dietary intervention using a low-fat plant-based diet in a corporate setting improves body weight, plasma lipids, and, in individuals with diabetes, glycemic control.
Toward improved management of NIDDM: A randomized, controlled, pilot intervention using a lowfat, vegetarian diet.
TLDR
The use of a low-fat, vegetarian diet in patients with NIDDM was associated with significant reductions in fasting serum glucose concentration and body weight in the absence of recommendations for exercise.
Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients.
  • A. Tejani
  • Medicine
    The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • 2012
TLDR
Based on 2 trials in 87 hypertensive patients, it appears that garlic reduces mean supine systolic and diastolic blood pressure by approximately 10-12mmHg and 6-9 mmHg, respectively, over and above the effect of placebo but the confidence intervals for these effect estimates are not precise and this difference in blood pressure reduction falls within the known variability inBlood pressure measurements.
A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial.
TLDR
In an analysis controlling for medication changes, a low-fat vegan diet appeared to improve glycemia and plasma lipids more than did conventional diabetes diet recommendations.
Effect of a 6-month vegan low-carbohydrate (‘Eco-Atkins’) diet on cardiovascular risk factors and body weight in hyperlipidaemic adults: a randomised controlled trial
TLDR
A self-selected low-carbohydrate vegan diet, containing increased protein and fat from gluten and soy products, nuts and vegetable oils, had lipid lowering advantages over a high-carb carbohydrate, low-fat weight loss diet, thus improving heart disease risk factors.
...
...