The Effect of Social Media on Elections: Evidence from the United States

@article{Fujiwara2020TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Social Media on Elections: Evidence from the United States},
  author={Thomas Fujiwara and Karsten M{\"u}ller and Carlo Schwarz},
  journal={SSRN Electronic Journal},
  year={2020}
}
We study how social media affects election outcomes in the United States. We use variation in the number of Twitter users across counties induced by early adopters at the 2007 South by Southwest (SXSW) festival, a key event in Twitter's rise to popularity. We show that this variation is unrelated to observable county characteristics and electoral outcomes before the launch of Twitter. Our results indicate that Twitter lowered the Republican vote share in the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections… 
It Takes Money to Make MPs: New Evidence from 150 Years of British Campaign Spending
We study electoral campaigns over the long run, through the lens of their spending. In particular, we ask whether changing media technologies and electoral environments have impacted patterns of
Online Political Information, Electoral Saturation, and Electoral Accountability in Mexico
While digital platforms have facilitated protests and challenged democratic norms, mass online campaigns could also enhance electoral accountability. We evaluate the electoral impact of non-partisan
Mobile Internet and Political Polarization
  • N. Melnikov
  • Political Science
    SSRN Electronic Journal
  • 2021
How has mobile internet affected political polarization in the United States? Using Gallup Daily Poll data covering 1,765,114 individuals in 31,499 ZIP codes between 2008 and 2017, this paper shows
How much do Twitter posts affect voters? Analysis of the multi-emotional charge with affective computing in political campaigns
TLDR
This research proposes an analysis of the emotional charge for the U.S. presidential elections in 2020, based on a hybrid approach that combines affective computing and classic statistical analysis, and analyzes the multi-emotional charge of candidates and voters.
The Impact of Media Censorship: 1984 or Brave New World?
Media censorship is a hallmark of authoritarian regimes. We conduct a field experiment in China to measure the effects of providing citizens with access to an uncensored internet. We track subjects’
"Bread and Circuses" for the electorate: how political parties use social media to reach their voters
  • Stefan Lehrner
  • Sociology
    International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention
  • 2021
Elections are no longer imaginable without social media. This paper will examine how political parties use social media sites to engage with their voters. Furthermore, it will be investigated whether
On the Impact of Social Media Recommendations on Opinion Consensus
TLDR
It is shown that when the homophily ratio is large, the social media has a very low capacity of determining the outcome of the opinion dynamics, and on the other hand, theSocial media can have an important role on the dynamics, either by making harder to reach a consensus or inducing it on extreme opinions.
Visual Stereotypes in News Media
We propose a new method for measuring gender and ethnic stereotypes in news reports. By combining computer vision and natural language processing tools, the method allows us to analyze both images
The Political Costs of Oil Price Shocks
We explore the effect of oil import price shocks on political outcomes using a worldwide dataset on elections of chief executives. Oil import price shocks cause a reduction in the odds of reelection
Social Media and Mental Health
The diffusion of social media coincided with a worsening of mental health conditions among adolescents and young adults in the United States, giving rise to speculation that social media might be
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 126 REFERENCES
Social influence and political mobilization: Further evidence from a randomized experiment in the 2012 U.S. presidential election
TLDR
Results from a replication of the experiment conducted during the U.S. Presidential Election in 2012 report a significant increase in voting, and they add to growing evidence that online social networks can be instrumental for spreading offline behaviors.
Media and Political Persuasion: Evidence from Russia
How do media affect voting behavior? What difference can an independent media outlet make in a country with state-controlled media? Our paper addresses these questions by comparing electoral outcomes
How Many People Live in Political Bubbles on Social Media? Evidence From Linked Survey and Twitter Data
A major point of debate in the study of the Internet and politics is the extent to which social media platforms encourage citizens to inhabit online “bubbles” or “echo chambers,” exposed primarily to
#Election2020: the first public Twitter dataset on the 2020 US Presidential election
TLDR
A massive-scale, longitudinal dataset of U.S. politics- and election-related tweets that predates and spans the entire period of the Republican and Democratic primaries, with real-time tracking of all presidential contenders on both sides of the aisle.
Social Media, News Consumption, and Polarization: Evidence from a Field Experiment
Does the consumption of ideologically congruent news on social media exacerbate polarization? I estimate the effects of social media news exposure by conducting a large field experiment randomly
Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election
Following the 2016 U.S. presidential election, many have expressed concern about the effects of false stories (“fake news”), circulated largely through social media. We discuss the economics of fake
Political Effects of the Internet and Social Media
How do the Internet and social media affect political outcomes? We review empirical evidence from the recent political economy literature, focusing primarily on work that considers traits that
How Social Media Reduces Mass Political Polarization . Evidence from Germany , Spain , and the U . S .
A growing proportion of citizens rely on social media to gather political information and to engage in political discussions within their personal networks. Existing studies argue that social media
From Hashtag to Hate Crime: Twitter and Anti-Minority Sentiment
We study whether social media can contribute to hatred against minorities with a focus on Donald Trump's political rise. To establish causality, we construct an instrument for Twitter usage based on
Internet and Politics: Evidence from U.K. Local Elections and Local Government Policies
We empirically study the effects of broadband internet diffusion on local election outcomes and on local government policies using rich data from the U.K. Our analysis shows that the internet has
...
...