The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes

@article{Engle2008TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Poverty on Child Development and Educational Outcomes},
  author={Patrice L. Engle and Maureen M. Black},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={2008},
  volume={1136}
}
  • P. Engle, M. Black
  • Published 1 June 2008
  • Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Poverty affects a child's development and educational outcomes beginning in the earliest years of life, both directly and indirectly through mediated, moderated, and transactional processes. School readiness, or the child's ability to use and profit from school, has been recognized as playing a unique role in escape from poverty in the United States and increasingly in developing countries. It is a critical element but needs to be supported by many other components of a poverty‐alleviation… 

Topics from this paper

The Impact of Poverty on Children's Quality of Life and Achievement in School
2 The issue of poverty and the difficulties associated with living in it affect many people including children. Poveliy can impact children's physical and mental health while hindering their social
A structural model of early indicators of school readiness among children of poverty
ABSTRACT Factors that affect children’s school readiness potential are evident even from birth. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses that certain factors related to gender,
The role of household chaos in understanding relations between early poverty and children's academic achievement.
The following prospective longitudinal study used an epidemiological sample (N = 1,236) to consider the potential mediating role of early cumulative household chaos (6-58 months) on associations
Poverty, adolescent well‐being and outcomes later in life
This paper investigates the impact of various factors in childhood (such as poverty, parental guidance, educational orientation, self-esteem and delinquent behaviour) on outcomes later in life. Using
School readiness at the nexus between poverty and education: The insights of two Jamaican teachers
In this article, the role of poverty as a barrier to children’s readiness for school is discussed. Using two Jamaican early childhood teachers to illuminate the findings, this piece sought to gain
The Effect of Permanent Income on Completed Schooling in Australia
Child poverty is a concern to any society, and the link between childhood poverty and schooling completion is one of the key factors causing cycles of intergenerational poverty in Australia. In
Socio-Economic Factors in Child Labor: Moderating Role of Education
The notion of child labor has disquieted the researcher. This paper highlights the impact of poverty, unemployment and social progress on child labor based on data from 30 countries to ascertain that
More than poverty
Studies from both high and low-middle income (LAMI) countries have documented how being reared in poverty is linked to compromised child development. Links between poverty and development are
More than poverty
Studies from both high and low-middle income (LAMI) countries have documented how being reared in poverty is linked to compromised child development. Links between poverty and development are
Poverty and Child Health
Fifteen percent of the US population—47 million people—was living at or below the poverty line in 2013. However, 22 % of the nation’s 74 million children were living in poverty, making them the
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 151 REFERENCES
Duration and developmental timing of poverty and children's cognitive and social development from birth through third grade.
TLDR
Mediational analyses indicated that poverty was linked to child outcomes in part through less positive parenting, and any experience of poverty was associated with less favorable family situations and child outcomes than never being poor.
Children in low-income, urban settings. Interventions to promote mental health and well-being.
TLDR
This review presents 11 recommendations for urban interventions that build on individual, family, and community strengths to promote the mental health and well-being of urban children and adolescents.
Reducing Poverty through Preschool Interventions
TLDR
The authors think it unrealistic that a nationwide early education program could be equally socially profitable, but they estimate that their proposal would likely have benefits amounting to several times its cost.
Early Intervention and Caregiving: Evidence from the Uganda Nutrition and Early Child Development Program
It was hypothesized that the World Bank-assisted project on Nutrition and Early Child Development in Uganda, which operated in 35 districts from 2000 to 2003, would have an impact on parenting
Children and welfare reform: a view from an experimental welfare program in Minnesota.
TLDR
This study's findings showed that MFIP increased employment rates and decreased poverty and, according to reports from mothers, children were less likely to exhibit problem behaviors and more likely to perform better and be more highly engaged in school.
Child development: risk factors for adverse outcomes in developing countries
TLDR
The evidence is sufficient to warrant interventions for malaria, intrauterine growth restriction, maternal depression, exposure to violence, and exposure to heavy metals, including iron deficiency anaemia.
Improving the Education of Children Living in Poverty
  • R. Murnane
  • Medicine, Economics
    The Future of children
  • 2007
TLDR
All would strengthen the standards-based reforms at the heart of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 by bracing the three legs on which the reforms rest: accountability, incentives, and capacity.
The relations between persistent poverty and contextual risk and children's behavior in elementary school.
TLDR
The results showed effects for persistent risk over 2 consecutive intervals for several factors, but only for recent intervals (3rd and 5th grades), and the factors differed for externalizing behavior, internalizingbehavior, and academic competence.
The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes.
TLDR
This article provides a comprehensive review of research on the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent well-being and suggests the importance of high socioeconomic status for achievement and low SES and residential instability for behavioral/emotional outcomes.
Strategies to avoid the loss of developmental potential in more than 200 million children in the developing world
TLDR
This paper assesses strategies to promote child development and to prevent or ameliorate the loss of developmental potential and suggests high quality, cost-effective early child development programmes should be considered.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...