The Effect of Participant Sex, Victim Dress, and Traditional Attitudes on Causal Judgments for Marital Rape Victims

@article{Whatley2005TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Participant Sex, Victim Dress, and Traditional Attitudes on Causal Judgments for Marital Rape Victims},
  author={Mark A. Whatley},
  journal={Journal of Family Violence},
  year={2005},
  volume={20},
  pages={191-200}
}
This study investigated the effects of participant sex, victim dress, and attitudes influencing the tendency to blame a marital rape victim. College undergraduates completed the Attitudes toward Marriage Scale, an intervening cognitive task, and a read fictitious scenario of a marital rape incident where the victim was dressed somberly or seductively. Participants then completed a brief questionnaire. As predicted, males rated the victim more deserving of the attack than females. As predicted… 

Tables from this paper

Social Perception of Rape Victims in Dating and Married Relationships: The Role of Perpetrator’s Benevolent Sexism
Two hypothetical scenario studies examined how situational, perpetrator, and observer factors affect blame towards rape victims. In Study 1, Spanish high school students (N = 206) read about a rape
College Student Perceptions of Victim Responsibility in Stalking Incidents
Abstract The current study surveyed 530 college students to investigate perceptions of victim responsibility or blame in heterosexual stalking situations using a vignette design. The vignettes
Effects of Offender Motivation, Victim Gender, and Participant Gender on Perceptions of Rape Victims and Offenders
TLDR
It is suggested that an offender's motivation for rape can influence perceptions of the offender's and victim's responsibility for the assault.
The Effects of Victim and Perpetrator Characteristics on Ratings of Guilt in a Sexual Assault Case
TLDR
Results showed that victim behavior was the most important factor in judgments, and significant three-way interactions suggested that participants may attend to perpetrator characteristics but only when the victim’s behavior is consistent with stereotypes about sexual assault victims.
Men’s Perceptions of an Acquaintance Rape
TLDR
Endorsement of traditional adversarial sex role beliefs and hostile sexist attitudes were associated with the attribution of less credibility to the victim, perceived victim trauma, perpetrator culpability, perpetrator guilt, and shorter recommended prison sentences.
The Moderating Role of Ambivalent Sexism: The Influence of Power Status on Perception of Rape Victim and Rapist
The authors examined the effect of ambivalent sexism on others' perceptions of alleged-rape incidents, in which there are socioeconomic status differences between the victims and their perpetrators.
Rape Crimes Reviewed: The Role of Observer Variables in Female Victim Blaming
This article presents an overview of empirical research on the role of observer variables in rape victim blaming (female attacked by a male perpetrator). The focus is on literature from the last 15
Effects of Attire, Alcohol, and Gender on Perceptions of Date Rape
This investigation explored three categories of college students’ perceptions of sexual assault: perceptions of similarity to vignette characters, perceptions of vignette characters’ sexual intent,
Effects of gender, rape myth acceptance, and perpetrator occupation on perceptions of rape
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of gender-stereotypical beliefs and associated factors (gender, level of rape myth acceptance (RMA), and occupation) on public attitudes
Rape Myth Consistency and Gender Differences in Perceiving Rape Victims
TLDR
This meta-analysis examines the moderating influences of various rape victim, perpetrator, and crime characteristics’ rape myth consistency on gender differences in individuals’ perceptions of rape victims and indicated that, overall, men perceived rape victims more negatively than women did.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
The effect of sex role stereotype, victim and defendant race, and prior relationship on rape culpability attributions
The research addressed the influence of sex role stereotypes, victim and defendant's race, and the participants' relationship on perceptions of rape culpability by white respondents. Those who held
Rape Perceptions as a Function of Gender-Role Traditionality and Victim-Perpetrator Association
Perceptions of stranger, acquaintance, date, andmarital rape scenarios and their relation to observers'gender-role traditionality were examined. PrimarilyCaucasian (81%)male and female undergraduates
Gender Differences in Attributions of Blame for Male Rape Victims
Past research on blaming the victim has virtually ignored male victimization while concentrating on the female victim. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether or not gender
Victim characteristics influencing attributions of responsibility to rape victims: A meta-analysis
Effects of rape victim resistance, assault outcome, and sex of observer on attributions about rape.
TLDR
Rape attributions are discussed within the contexts of identification with victim's situation and perceptions of victim's control, and fault, blame, and responsibility were found not to be interchangeable.
The Attribution of Date Rape: Observer's Attitudes and Sexual Experiences and The Dating Situation
This study investigated the effects of individual experience with sexual aggression/victimization, rape myth score and dating situational factors on rape attributions. A sample of 332 males and 323
Cultural myths and supports for rape.
  • M. Burt
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1980
TLDR
Results from regression analysis of interview data indicate that the higher the sex role stereotyping, adversarial sexual beliefs, and acceptance of interpersonal violence, the greater a respondent's acceptance of rape myths.
Gender and racial differences in the acceptance of rape myths within a college population
Four hundred forty nine students completed a questionnaire that sought to measure degree of acceptance/rejection of nine statements that reflected prejudical, stereotyped, or false beliefs about
Marital Rape
TLDR
Opinions on marital rape and rape in other victim-offender relationships are examined, and findings suggest that there are still people who believe it is acceptable to rape one's wife.
Marital Rape: Is the Crime Taken Seriously Without Co-occurring Physical Abuse?
This vignette study was conducted to determine how observers' beliefs about marital rape are altered by the knowledge of a prior history of husband-to- wife physical violence. Participants (n = 50
...
1
2
3
4
5
...