The Effect of Mechanical Varus on Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Lateral Collateral Ligament Stress: Finite Element Analyses.

@article{Hinckel2016TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Mechanical Varus on Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Lateral Collateral Ligament Stress: Finite Element Analyses.},
  author={Betina Bremer Hinckel and Marco Kawamura Demange and Riccardo Gomes Gobbi and Jos{\'e} Ricardo P{\'e}cora and Gilberto Luis Camanho},
  journal={Orthopedics},
  year={2016},
  volume={39 4},
  pages={
          e729-36
        }
}
The current study analyzed changes in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lateral collateral ligament stress as a result of mechanical varus. In an exploratory pilot study, progressive mechanical varus was introduced to a male finite element model of the lower limb at different knee flexion angles. Nine situations were analyzed (combinations of 0°, 30°, and 60° knee flexion and 0°, 5°, and 10° varus). The ACL stress was measured via changes in section force, von Mises stress, and fiber stress… 

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