The Effect of Learning versus Outcome Goals on a Simple versus a Complex Task

  title={The Effect of Learning versus Outcome Goals on a Simple versus a Complex Task},
  author={Dawn C. Winters and Gary P. Latham},
  journal={Group \& Organization Management},
  pages={236 - 250}
The effect of learning versus outcome goals on performance quality on a simple versus a complex scheduling task was examined using business school students as participants (n = 114). On a simple task an outcome goal led to significantly more correct schedules being produced than urging people to do their best. On a complex task, assigning a learning goal led to performance that was significantly higher than either an assigned outcome goal or being urged to do one's best. Self-efficacy was… 
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    Journal of personality and social psychology
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Path analysis revealed that perceived self-efficacy had both a direct effect on organizational performance and an indirect effect through its influence on analytic strategies, and personal goals also affected organizational performance through the mediation of analytic strategies.
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