The Effect of In-Utero Conditions on Long Term Health: Evidence from the 1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic


The fetal origins hypothesis posits that in-utero stress increases the incidence of chronic conditions later in life. Utilizing 21 years of National Health Interview Survey data, this study estimates the health effect of in-utero exposure to the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic. Exploiting the fact that people were exposed to the flu at different points during… (More)


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