The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from Us States

  title={The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from Us States},
  author={Giovanni Peri},
  journal={The Review of Economics and Statistics},
  • G. Peri
  • Published 30 January 2012
  • Economics
  • The Review of Economics and Statistics
Using the large variation in the inflow of immigrants across US states we analyze the impact of immigration on state employment, average hours worked, physical capital accumulation and, most importantly, total factor productivity and its skill bias. We use the location of a state relative to the Mexican border and to the main ports of entry, as well as the existence of communities of immigrants before 1960, as instruments. We find no evidence that immigrants crowded-out employment and hours… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Effect Of Immigration On Productivity: Evidence From U.S. States

  • G. Peri
  • Economics
    Review of Economics and Statistics
  • 2012
Abstract In this paper we analyze the long-run impact of immigration on employment, productivity, and its skill bias. We use the existence of immigrant communities across U.S. states before 1960 and

Immigration, Trade and Productivity in Services: Evidence from U.K. Firms

This paper explores the impact of immigrants on the imports, exports and productivity of service-producing firms in the U.K. Immigrants may substitute for imported intermediate inputs (offshore

The Association between Immigration and Labor Market Outcomes in the United States

In this paper we present important correlations between immigration and labor market outcomes of native workers in the US. We use data on local labor markets, states and regions from the Census and

The Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market

The literature on the impact of immigration on the labor market is highly controversial. The aim of this paper is to review the existing literature and draw some general conclusions on how wages and

Joint impacts of immigration on wages and employment: review and meta-analysis

The quantitative approaches presented in the literature to estimate the impact of immigration on the labour market, particularly at the regional level are outlined and a simultaneous equations approach to the meta-analysis of wage and employment effects is used.

Immigration and manufacturing in Italy: evidence from the 2000s

Abstract This paper tests for the effect of an increase in the migration rate on manufacturing firms’ performance at the local level. The model is estimated for the Italian economy during the recent

Immigration and Economic Growth in Metropolitan Areas

This research answers the question whether immigration contributes to metropolitan areas’ productivity and economic growth, and it also quantifies the impacts of immigration on productivity and

The Domestic Economic Impacts of Immigration

This paper critically reviews the research on the impact of immigration on employment and wages of natives in wealthy countries--where "natives" includes previous immigrants and their descendants.

Immigration and the Economy of Cities and Regions




Immigration and National Wages: Clarifying the Theory and the Empirics

This paper estimates the effects of immigration on wages of native workers at the national U.S. level. Following Borjas (2003) we focus on national labor markets for workers of different skills and

Do high-skill immigrants raise productivity? Evidence from Israeli manufacturing firms, 1990-1999

AbstractThis paper exploits the episode provided by the mass migration from the former Soviet Union to Israel in the 1990s to study the effect high skill immigration on productivity. Using a unique

Is the New Immigration Really so Bad?

This paper reviews the recent evidence on U.S. immigration, focusing on two key questions: (1) Does immigration reduce the labor market opportunities of less-skilled natives? (2) Have immigrants who

Immigration, Offshoring and American Jobs

How many "American jobs" have U.S.-born workers lost due to immigration and offshoring? Or, alternatively, is it possible that immigration and offshoring, by promoting cost-savings and enhanced

The Diffusion of Mexican Immigrants During the 1990s: Explanations and Impacts

Mexican immigrants were historically clustered in a few cities, mainly in California and Texas. During the past 15 years, however, arrivals from Mexico established sizeable immigrant communities in

Immigration, Skill Mix, and the Choice of Technique

Using detailed plant- level data from the 1988 and 1993 Surveys of Manufacturing Technology, this paper examines the impact of skill mix in U.S. local labor markets on the use and adoption of

Immigration and Inequality

Immigration has long been a controversial topic among economists. The issue nearly disappeared in the 1960s, but over the past three decades professional interest has picked up as immigrant inflows

Native Internal Migration and the Labor Market Impact of Immigration

  • G. Borjas
  • Economics, Sociology
    The Journal of Human Resources
  • 2006
This paper presents a theoretical and empirical study of how immigration influences the joint determination of the wage structure and internal migration behavior for native-born workers in local

Task Specialisation, Immigration and Wages

Many workers with low levels of educational attainment immigrated to the United States in recent decades. Large inflows of less educated immigrants would reduce wages paid to comparably-educated

Endogenous Skill Bias in Technology Adoption: City-Level Evidence from the it Revolution

This paper focuses on the bi-directional interaction between technology adoption and labor market conditions. We examine cross-city differences in PC adoption, relative wages, and changes in relative