The Effect of Folate Fortification of Cereal-Grain Products on Blood Folate Status, Dietary Folate Intake, and Dietary Folate Sources among Adult Non-Supplement Users in the United States

@article{Dietrich2005TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Folate Fortification of Cereal-Grain Products on Blood Folate Status, Dietary Folate Intake, and Dietary Folate Sources among Adult Non-Supplement Users in the United States},
  author={Marion Dietrich and Coralie J P Brown and Gladys Block},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  year={2005},
  volume={24},
  pages={266 - 274}
}
Objective: Since January 1998, the Federal Drug Administration has required folic acid fortification of all enriched cereal-grain products in the U.S. This program intended to increase folic acid intake among women of childbearing age in order to decrease their risk of pregnancies affected by neural tube defects. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in serum and erythrocyte folate status of the adult U.S. population following folic acid fortification of enriched cereal-grain… Expand
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Improved total folate intake is warranted in targeted subgroups, which include women of childbearing age and non-Hispanic black women, whereas other population groups are at risk of excessive intake. Expand
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The rise and fall of blood folate in the United States emphasizes the need to identify all sources of folic acid 1 , 2
Folic acid–containing supplements and fortified foods, including enriched cereal–grain products and ready-to-eat (RTE) cereals, are the primary sources of folic acid intake in the United States (1).Expand
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An approach to detect stable isotopic folate in urine and confirmed pre-formed folate can be absorbed across the human are established and inform future fortification and supplementation policy. Expand
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An insufficient vitamin B12 as well as folate status is present in Iranian women of childbearing age and the efficacy and safety of folic acid fortification in Iran is shown. Expand
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The data suggest that women of childbearing age are achieving positive folate status in the postfortification era, but it may not be sufficient to achieve red blood cell folate concentrations associated with a significant reduction in neural tube defect risk. Expand
Folic acid fortification is safe, effective, and important from the cradle to the later years
n 1998 the U.S. government mandated that cereal-grain products be fortified with folic acid. The fortification program has been successful in meeting its initial targets of improving the folateExpand
Dietary folate intake: is there a need for folic acid fortification in the Netherlands?
TLDR
Whether Dutch diets provide enough folate to meet folate requirements and how to deal with folic acid fortification are studied and overall, folate reference intakes can be lowered because dietary folate is 82% bioavailable instead of 50%, which is currently assumed. Expand
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TLDR
The deficiency of folate is very low, and food fortification contributed to folate intake and had a notable influence on rankings of food contributors of folates. Expand
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