The Effect of Fact-Checking on Elites: A Field Experiment on U.S. State Legislators

  title={The Effect of Fact-Checking on Elites: A Field Experiment on U.S. State Legislators},
  author={Brendan Nyhan and Jason Reifler},
  journal={American Journal of Political Science},
Does external monitoring improve democratic performance? Fact-checking has come to play an increasingly important role in political coverage in the United States, but some research suggests it may be ineffective at reducing public misperceptions about controversial issues. However, fact-checking might instead help improve political discourse by increasing the reputational costs or risks of spreading misinformation for political elites. To evaluate this deterrent hypothesis, we conducted a field… Expand

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