• Corpus ID: 54821108

The Effect of Betaine Supplementation on Performance and Muscle Mechanisms

  title={The Effect of Betaine Supplementation on Performance and Muscle Mechanisms},
  author={Jenna M. Apicella},
Key Methodv Chapter 1: Introduction 1 Chapter 2: Review of Literature 4 Muscle Signaling 4 Muscle Signaling Overview 4 AMPK / PGC-1α Pathway 7 Akt / mTOR Pathway 8 Betaine Supplementation 12 Betaine Overview 12 Betaine and Human Performance 15 Muscle Signaling and Betaine Supplementation 20 Chapter 3: Methods 24 Experimental Approach 24 Experimental Timeline 25 Subjects 26 Procedure 27 Experimental Controls 27 Protocol 29 Blood Draws 30 Muscle Biopsies 30 Supplement 31 Biochemical Analysis 32 Statistical…
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