The Effect of Background Music on Cognitive Performance in Musicians and Nonmusicians

@article{Patston2011TheEO,
  title={The Effect of Background Music on Cognitive Performance in Musicians and Nonmusicians},
  author={Lucy L. M. Patston and L. Tippett},
  journal={Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal},
  year={2011},
  volume={29},
  pages={173-183}
}
there is debate about the extent of overlap between music and language processing in the brain and whether these processes are functionally independent in expert musicians. A language comprehension task and a visuospatial search task were administered to 36 expert musicians and 36 matched nonmusicians in conditions of silence and piano music played correctly and incorrectly. Musicians performed more poorly on the language comprehension task in the presence of background music compared to… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The effect of background music on the cognitive performance of musicians: A pilot study
This study aimed to investigate how background music with different instruments affects trained musicians’ performance on cognitive tasks. Participants completed three sets of cognitively demandingExpand
How Does the Effect of Background Music on the Performance of a Reading Comprehension Task Differ Across Musically ‘ Trained ’ and ‘ Untrained ’ Individuals ?
This study explored the effect of background music on the performance of musically trained and untrained individuals in a reading comprehension task. Three different musical genres (classical, jazz,Expand
Musical brains: The influence of musical expertise and gender on brain structure and lateralisation
A growing literature has identified compelling links between musical expertise and structural and functional alterations in the brain. These are thought to reflect experiencedependentExpand
Background music can aid second language learning
The presence of music can both help and hinder performance on a concurrent cognitive task. Music that is low in complexity has been associated with improved performance on language learning tasks,Expand
Characteristics of Karawitan Musicians’ Brain: sLORETA Investigation
The fast development of music research prompts numerous interdisciplinary issues. In the neuroscience field of study, music is being examined related to its impact on the cognitive process or theExpand
The difference of brain activities of musical listeners
Rapid development of music research lead into many interdisciplinary topics. These studies evoke music's integration to many subjects, such as neuroscience. In neuroscience, music is being studiedExpand
12Music and Cognitive Abilities
In this chapter, we review the available evidence concerning associations between music and cognitive abilities. We use the term “cognitive abilities” to refer to all aspects of cognition (e.g.,Expand
An equal start: absence of group differences in cognitive, social, and neural measures prior to music or sports training in children
TLDR
A longitudinal investigation of the effects of childhood music training on cognitive, social and neural development found no neural, cognitive, motor, emotional, or social differences among the three groups and found no correlation between music perception skills and any of the social or emotional measures. Expand
The effects of background music on neural responses during reading comprehension
TLDR
The findings suggest that background music affects neural responses during reading comprehension by increasing the difficulty of semantic integration, and thus extend the irrelevant sound effect to suggest that the neural processing of visually based cognitive tasks can also be affected by music. Expand
An investigation of cognitive test performance across conditions of silence, background noise and music as a function of neuroticism
TLDR
The results provided partial support for the hypotheses and are discussed with respect to previous findings in the literature on personality (particularly introversion–extraversion) and distraction on cognitive task performance. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 100 REFERENCES
Differences in Mental Abilities between Musicians and Non-Musicians
Psychometric performance on different aspects of primary mental abilities (verbal comprehension, word fluency, space, closure, perceptual speed, reasoning, number and memory) was compared in 35 adultExpand
Attention in musicians is more bilateral than in non-musicians
TLDR
A more balanced attentional capacity in musicians, as well as enhanced visuomotor ability, and are interpreted with reference to extended musical training are indicated. Expand
Broca's Area Supports Enhanced Visuospatial Cognition in Orchestral Musicians
TLDR
Convergent behavioral and neurofunctional evidence is provided supporting the suggestion that development of the sight-reading skills of musical performance alters brain circuit organization which confers a wider cognitive benefit, in particular, to nonmusical visuospatial cognition in professional orchestral musicians. Expand
The effect of musical training on music processing: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in humans
TLDR
Musical training results in the recruitment of different neural networks for these aspects of music processing, melody and harmony, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Expand
Brain structures differ between musicians and non-musician
TLDR
Using a voxel-by-voxel morphometric technique, gray matter volume differences in motor, auditory, and visual-spatial brain regions are found when comparing professional musicians (keyboard players) with a matched group of amateur musicians and non-musicians. Expand
Musical expertise, bilingualism, and executive functioning.
TLDR
Results demonstrate that extended musical experience enhances executive control on a nonverbal spatial task, as previously shown for bilingualism, but also enhances control in a more specialized auditory task, although the effect of bilingualism did not extend to that domain. Expand
Opposite musical-manual interference in young vs expert musicians
TLDR
The modification of hemispheric specialization occurring during academical musical training are discussed in terms of the role of education in the cerebral organization of superior cognitive functions. Expand
Effects of Music Training on the Child's Brain and Cognitive Development
TLDR
The initial results from studies examining the brain and cognitive effects of instrumental music training on young children in a longitudinal study and a cross‐sectional comparison in older children are reported. Expand
Differences in Primary Mental Abilities Between Musicians and Nonmusicians
Abstract. In the present study, psychometric performance on different aspects of primary mental abilities (verbal comprehension, word fluency, space, flexibility of closure, perceptual speed,Expand
Adults and children processing music: An fMRI study
TLDR
In both adults and children, musical training was correlated with stronger activations in the frontal operculum and the anterior portion of the superior temporal gyrus, which presumably form different networks mediating cognitive aspects of music processing. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...