The Effect Of Immigration On Productivity: Evidence From U.S. States

@article{Peri2012TheEO,
  title={The Effect Of Immigration On Productivity: Evidence From U.S. States},
  author={Giovanni Peri},
  journal={Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={2012},
  volume={94},
  pages={348-358}
}
  • G. Peri
  • Published 1 November 2009
  • Economics
  • Review of Economics and Statistics
Abstract In this paper we analyze the long-run impact of immigration on employment, productivity, and its skill bias. We use the existence of immigrant communities across U.S. states before 1960 and the distance from the Mexican border as instruments for immigration flows. We find no evidence that immigrants crowded out employment. At the same time, we find that immigration had a strong, positive association with total factor productivity and a negative association with the high skill bias of… 

The effect of immigrants on U.S. employment and productivity

The effects of immigration on the total output and income of the U.S. economy can be studied by comparing output per worker and employment in states that have had large immigrant inflows with data

Immigration, Trade and Productivity in Services: Evidence from U.K. Firms

This paper explores the impact of immigrants on the imports, exports and productivity of service-producing firms in the U.K. Immigrants may substitute for imported intermediate inputs (offshore

Immigration, Endogenous Technology Adoption and Wages

We document that immigration to U.S. states has increased the mass of workers at the lower range of the skill distribution. We use this change in skill distribution of workers to analyze the effect

The effect of immigration on innovation in Italy

ABSTRACT This paper investigates the effect of immigration on innovation in Italy, a country characterized by prevalently unskilled immigration. After addressing the potential endogeneity of the

Immigrants, Productivity, and Labor Markets

Immigration has been a steady force acting on population and employment within countries throughout human history. Focusing on the last four decades, we show that the mix of immigrants to rich

Do Immigrants Take or Create Residents’ Jobs? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Switzerland

We estimate the causal effect of immigration on unemployment, employment and wages of resident employees in Switzerland, whose foreign labor force has increased by 32.8% in the last ten years. To

Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and the Wages of Native‐Born Americans

The paper examines the effects of skilled immigration on wages that can be credited to immigrants’ contribution to innovation. Using both individual and state-level datasets from the United States,

Immigration and local spending in social services: evidence from a massive immigration wave

The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between immigration and redistributive public spending by using the recent, massive arrival of immigrants in Spain. Specifically, we focus our

Skilled Immigration, Innovation and Wages of Native-born American

The paper examines the effects of skilled immigration on US wages that are due to innovation. We extend the studies by Hunt & Gauthier-Loiselle (2010), and Hunt (2011) to explore the

Immigration and the Growing Canada-U.S. Productivity Gap

This paper examines the impact of immigration on labour productivity in Canada. Immigration is a factor that has been largely ignored in the literature on Canadian productivity growth. A simplified
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES

The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from Us States

Using the large variation in the inflow of immigrants across US states we analyze the impact of immigration on state employment, average hours worked, physical capital accumulation and, most

Immigration and National Wages: Clarifying the Theory and the Empirics

This paper estimates the effects of immigration on wages of native workers at the national U.S. level. Following Borjas (2003) we focus on national labor markets for workers of different skills and

Is the New Immigration Really so Bad?

This paper reviews the recent evidence on U.S. immigration, focusing on two key questions: (1) Does immigration reduce the labor market opportunities of less-skilled natives? (2) Have immigrants who

Native Internal Migration and the Labor Market Impact of Immigration

  • G. Borjas
  • Economics, Sociology
    The Journal of Human Resources
  • 2006
This paper presents a theoretical and empirical study of how immigration influences the joint determination of the wage structure and internal migration behavior for native-born workers in local

How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?

We measure the extent to which skilled immigrants increase innovation in the United States by exploring individual patenting behavior as well as state-level determinants of patenting. The 2003

Immigration and Inequality

Immigration has long been a controversial topic among economists. The issue nearly disappeared in the 1960s, but over the past three decades professional interest has picked up as immigrant inflows

Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration

This article uses 1990 census data to study the effects of immigrant inflows on occupation‐specific labor market outcomes. I find that intercity mobility rates of natives and earlier immigrants are

Immigration, Skill Mix, and the Choice of Technique

Using detailed plant- level data from the 1988 and 1993 Surveys of Manufacturing Technology, this paper examines the impact of skill mix in U.S. local labor markets on the use and adoption of

Immigration and Housing Booms: Evidence from Spain

We estimate empirically the effect of immigration on house prices and residential construction activity in Spain over the period 1998-2008. This decade is characterized by both a spectacular housing

The Diffusion of Mexican Immigrants During the 1990s: Explanations and Impacts

Mexican immigrants were historically clustered in a few cities, mainly in California and Texas. During the past 15 years, however, arrivals from Mexico established sizeable immigrant communities in